Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 57 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract The United Farm Workers of America (predecessor name, United Farm Workers Organizing Committee) is a 20th Century union, created when the National Farm Workers Association and Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee merged to form UFWOC, to further the rights of farm workers. As the union developed, it led strikes and organizing campaigns to advance their efforts. Parts 1 and 2 of the Agricultural Workers History Collection are comprised of articles, publications, crop and migrant...
Dates: 1949 - 1977
Abstract AWOC was chartered by the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) to organize farm workers in California. During its seven-year existence, AWOC called many strikes against growers and farm labor contractors and achieved some success in raising wages of farm laborers.
Dates: 1959 - 1966
Abstract This collection contains the papers of Anna Andreini-Brophy. It covers her time working with Stewart Mott at Spectemur Agendo, Inc., to assisting Cesar Chavez and working for the United Farm Workers movement, and then to her later life as a real estate agent.
Dates: 1965 - 2017; Majority of material found within 1968 - 1974
Abstract Bob Barber worked as a journalist, writing for the United Farm Workers publication, El Malcriado, reporting for KSAN and KPFA radio stations in California’s Bay Area, and as a freelance writer. His papers center on his activities as a reporter covering California farm labor election issues during the years 1973 to 1977. The collection includes over sixty hours of taped interviews with UFW organizers, union members, Teamsters, growers and others. In addition, the collection contains a unique...
Dates: 1973 - 1979
Abstract Dolores Huerta champions the rights of farm workers and Latinos. As a young teacher her experiences in classrooms filled with hungry children of migrant farm workers led her to believe that an even greater need was organizing farm workers. Dolores first met Cesar Chavez in the late 1950s while organizing farm workers under the name of the Agricultural Workers Association. In 1962 they founded the National Farm Workers Association in Delano, California. Today, Dolores Huerta continues to place...
Dates: 1970 - 1995
Abstract Don Watson was active in community organizations, politics and labor unions most of his life. Before retiring, Watson was an active member of the ILWU Local 34 from 1955 to 1993 serving in a variety of capacities. In the mid-1960s he joined the Five-Dollar-a-Month Club in support of the farm workers organizing drive that was founded by members from ILWU Local 10. Later Watson became head of the organization and continued to collect funds for the striking farm workers from the clerks and...
Dates: 1966 - 1978
Abstract Elaine Graves served on the staffs of both the United Farm Workers and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees. Her papers, while gathered during her tenure with AFSCME, reflect her continued interest with the UFW boycott effort.
Dates: 1972 - 1978; Majority of material found within 1976 - 1978
Abstract Founded in Toledo, OH in 1967 by Baldemar Valasquez, the Farm Labor Organizing Committee (FLOC) represents migrant workers in the agricultural industry, and seeks to promote and protect the right of farm workers to actively participate in decisions that affect their conditions. FLOC centered their efforts not on growers, who the organization realized were relatively powerless, but on the large food processing companies who ran the agricultural business and ultimately controlled farm workers...
Dates: 1967 - 2005; Majority of material found within 1979 - 1989
Abstract The Industrial Workers of the World was founded in 1905 and is a member-run union for all workers. The IWW organizes all workers producing the same goods or services into one union instead of pooling them by skill or trade. Numbered among its members (known popularly as Wobblies) are lumberjacks, miners, farmhands (especially migrant workers), sailors, and workers in textile mills. Since their founding, the IWW has made significant contributions to labor struggles around the world. The union is...
Dates: 1903 - 1996
Abstract Irwin Fletcher was a junior high school educator in Oregon. Fletcher began his involvement with the Oregon labor movement in the early 1960s, when he helped organize fellow teachers in Klamath Falls. Soon after the teacher’s union received its charter with the American Federation of Teachers, and he was elected vice president and then president a year later. During this time Fletcher was also a member of the Klamath Basin Migrant Ministry Commission and formed the Klamath Basin Agricultural...
Dates: 1968 - 1970
Abstract Ken Barger (1941-), who was raised in east Tennessee, became active in social change after his experiences serving in the Vietnam War. He was a professor of Anthropology for thirty years at Indiana University Indianapolis focusing professionally on social change. Through these professional interests, he got involved with the farm labor movement and the immigrant rights movement. Barger has been an active member of the FLOC movement since 1979. He participated in many activities, such as...
Dates: 1980 - 2009; Majority of material found within 1982 - 2009
Abstract Marc Grossman became involved with the United Farm Workers in 1969 while an undergraduate student at the University of California, Irvine; where he graduated with a B.A. degree in American History in 1972. During that time he helped organize the Grape Boycott. From there he went on to obtain a Master’s degree in journalism at UCLA in 1973. With his degree in journalism, Mr. Grossman went to work for the UFW and its President, Cesar Chavez. Marc Grossman knew Chavez the last 24...
Dates: 1969 - 1999; Majority of material found within 1980 - 1993
Abstract The Michigan Farm Worker Ministry Coalition, active from 1978 through the 1990s, worked to assist farm workers’ organizing efforts and to improve their access to health care and education. This collection consists of photographs documenting their activities and the activities of related organizations, as well as audio recordings, posters, banners, and other ephemera.
Dates: 1953 - 1993
Abstract The National Farm Worker Ministry (NFWM)—original name Migrant Ministry— has been administering to the nation’s farm workers since the 1920’s. It originally operated in southeastern United States and by the early 1940s expanded to aid migrant workers in fifteen states. It was during the strikes and boycotts of the 1960s and 1970s initiated by Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers Union (UFW) that brought the California Migrant Ministry and other state migrant ministries to form a national...
Dates: 1970 - 1985
Abstract The Orange County Interfaith Committee to Aid Farm Workers was a branch of the National Farm Workers Ministry. NFWM began in 1920 as a ministry of charity and service, providing food, clothing and day care to the farm workers. When United Farm Workers founder César Chávez began organizing in the 1960's, he called on the religious community to change its emphasis from charity to justice. NFWM became the vehicle for people of faith to respond to that call.The collection consists of...
Dates: 1963 - 1991; Majority of material found within 1982 - 1988
Abstract Philip Vera Cruz (Dec 25, 1904 – June 12, 1994) was born in Saoag, Ilocos Sur, Philippines. He worked on farms in the Philippines before traveling to the United States in 1926. Vera Cruz worked several odd jobs around the Midwest, but was not active in any union before moving to California in 1943 and becoming a farm worker. He joined the Agricultural Worker Organizing Committee (AWOC) and soon became a leader in farm workers rights. In 1965 he was an active force in the AWOC decision to...
Dates: 1966 - 1979; Majority of material found within 1969 - 1975
Abstract An active advocate for migrant farm workers, Father Victor Salandini assisted in the organizing efforts of the United Farm Workers (UFW), American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), and served as a legislative representative for California farm workers and as the UFW Research Director. Father Salandini’s papers reflect his work with the UFW, AFL-CIO, and its predecessors, as well as his dissertation research on California farm labor issues and Public Law 78, the...
Dates: 1954 - 1973; Majority of material found within 1969 - 1972
Abstract Since the United Automobile Workers of America (UAW) was established as an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in August 1935, the union has maintained an office to deal with public relations. At that time, a "Committee on Publication" was formed, which became the "Publication Committee" in April 1936. The Committee subsequently became the "Publicity Department" in August 1936, when the UAW became an independent union affiliated with the Congress of Industrial Organizations...
Dates: 1929 - 2008; Majority of material found within 1985 - 1995
Abstract United Farm Workers grew out of several farm workers organizations of the 1960s and was led by Cesar Chavez for over thirty years. The Administration Department records reflect the wide range of people and groups with whom the UFW corresponded. The work of the union itself is well represented, including U.S., Canada, and Europe boycott files, El Malcriado files, and negotiations with southern California grape growers. Part 3 of the records represent the second decade of the union’s progress...
Dates: 1955 - 1984; Majority of material found within 1968 - 1978
Abstract The UFW grape and lettuce boycotts of the late 1960s and early 1970s were the outgrowth of The Delano Grape Strike, which occurred in September 1965 in California. In 1967 the idea of boycotting a product was fostered by Cesar Chavez, head of the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC). Chavez’s intent was to alert the nation that farm workers were looking for civil rights, as well as fairer wages and thus used the tactic of boycotting as a non-violent means of furthering his goal....
Dates: 1943 - 1976; Majority of material found within 1967 - 1976
Abstract The primary mission of the UFW California boycott offices was to alert the nation that farm laborers were looking for civil rights, as well as fairer wages. Cesar Chavez, president of the United Farm Workers Union believed that a non-violent boycott of grapes and lettuce would convey the message. The two main city offices were located in Los Angeles and San Francisco. These offices were primarily concerned with organizing letter-writing campaigns to growers, distributors (with special attention...
Dates: 1965 - 1980; Majority of material found in 1976 - 1976
Abstract The UFW Montreal Boycott Office Records contains materials specific to the activities surrounding the grape and lettuce boycotts in Montreal and other cities in Canada during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Much of the material is from the tenure of Jessica Govea,a close associate of Cesar Chavez. Her work directing boycotts in Canada helped theunion win one of its first contracts with a California grape grower and ultimately settlewith the entire industry.
Dates: 1967 - 1974; Majority of material found within 1968 - 1971
Abstract One of the largest boycott offices in Canada was located in Toronto. Coordinated by Bill Masterson, Jessica Govea, Marshall Ganz and others, the Toronto boycott staff and volunteers, including church and student groups, led a successful campaign against the sale and shipment of non-union grapes in Canada.
Dates: 1973 - 1978