Automobile industry and trade
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 112 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract Soon after Pearl Harbor, the UAW and other unions voluntarily pledged to forego strikes for the war’s duration. To compensate, the federal government agreed to control prices, but wage increases were also limited. The National War Labor Board was established late in 1941 (formally, by executive order in January of 1942) to administer wage control in national industries such as automobiles, shipping, railways, airlines, telegraph lines, and mines. It ceased operating in 1946, and thereafter...
Dates: 1941 - 1950
Abstract In the fall of 1959, the Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations, a joint body of the University of Michigan and Wayne State University, formally began an oral history project on the "Development of Unionism in the Automobile Industry." The project's aims were to provide additional historical sources for scholars working on the history of auto unionism, to capture the recollections of those who played a key role in this story, and to discover additional archival materials on labor...
Dates: 1959 - 1963
Abstract Douglas A. Fraser was elected UAW President in 1977 following the retirement of Leonard Woodcock. As UAW President Fraser presided over the emergence of Japanese auto imports into the previously US dominated auto industry, growing concerns over air quality, worker safety issues, and job re-training. In 1981 Fraser successfully reunited the UAW with the AFL-CIO after a 13 year absence. Fraser was also instrumental in assisting Chrysler Motor Company’s federal bailout loan to avoid the company’s...
Dates: 1971 - 1985
Abstract Howard Young began working for the UAW in 1960, as an Actuarial Consultant and later became the Director of the Social Security Department. Later in his UAW career, his main function was as Special Consultant to the President, but he also worked as a member of the Pension Research Council, Director of Social Security, Director of the Research, and Director of Information Systems. He worked for the UAW from 1960-1971 and again from 1974-1987. During that time he worked under four UAW presidents:...
Dates: 1951 - 1987; Majority of material found within 1961 - 1987
Abstract Leonard Woodcock was named President of the UAW in May 1970, following the death of Walter P. Reuther. He was elected to a full term in April, 1972, and again in 1974. In 1970 as UAW President Woodcock led a 67 day strike against General Motors which resulted in securing the “30 and out” retirement program and restoring full cost of living benefits. In the 1973 negotiations Woodcock secured further benefits for auto workers including dental insurance, restrictions on overtime, improved COLA and...
Dates: 1961 - 1977
Abstract Owen Bieber began his career with the United Auto Workers in Michigan and went on to hold numerous regional and national positions before he was elected the UAW's sixth president in 1983, serving four terms. During his presidency, Canadian auto workers pulled out of the union, American auto companies downsized, and competition from foreign auto companies increased. He is credited with diversifying the UAW by inviting new members from areas outside industrial sectors. As president, Bieber also...
Dates: 1970 - 1995; Majority of material found within 1984 - 1994
Abstract The papers of Walter Reuther reflect his career with the UAW from its beginning, although the documentation for the pre‑presidential period is less complete. In addition to UAW material, there are extensive files relating to his work as an officer of the CIO, the AFL‑CIO and the ALA. In addition, there is considerable material relating to international labor organizations, international affairs, other labor unions, organizations of various kinds and his work in the area of public affairs.
Dates: 1933 - 1970; Majority of material found within 1946 - 1970
Abstract Subjects include: Chrysler and General Motors; Ford organizing; Local 600; FEW; strikes; Michigan politics; Communism; housing; Walter Reuther; steel industry; Taft-Hartley; Michigan labor; Detroit urban affairs; UMWA; HUAC; unemployment; Harry Truman
Dates: 1940 - 1972
Abstract Documents activities of the department including personal files on Harry Bennett, Henry Ford, John L. Lewis, and Homer Martin; working conditions at the Rouge Plant; and efforts to organize Ford workers.
Dates: 1937 - 1941
Abstract Subjects include: United Steelworkers; women workers; auto wage-price policy; 1958 UAW contract negotiations; Kohler strike; UAW conventions; UAW PAC in 1948 election campaigns
Dates: 1940 - 1962
Abstract Region 1-D of the United Auto Workers consists of the western and northern counties of Michigan, including the Upper Peninsula. Major manufacturing areas included are Grand Rapids, Saginaw, Bay City, Muskegon and Kalamazoo.
Dates: 1940 - 1959
Abstract United Auto Workers Region 1B represents locals in the southeastern and thumb areas of Michigan. This includes workers at the major automotive manufacturers, Huck Manufacturing, TRW, Briggs Manufacturing, Eaton Manufacturing and Bohn Aluminum. Their records document the services Region 1B provided to locals and its political activities in the region.
Dates: 1939 - 1985
Abstract An expanding economy and union movement prompted the UAW to subdivide its two southeastern Michigan regional jurisdictions into four southeastern Michigan regions—1, 1A, 1B, and 1E—in 1966. Subjects include: UAW organization in southeastern Michigan; automobile industry; strikes; unemployment; plant shutdowns; health insurance; retirees; organizing; political activity; UAW Women's Department; Willow Run Bomber Plant
Dates: 1942 - 1983
Abstract Subjects include: Allis-Chalmers strike (1955-57); automobile industry and workers in Ohio, Pennsylvania and W. Virginia; GM Ternstedt Div. strikes (1955, 1958); plant shutdowns; health and safety issues; unemployment; PACs; African-American autoworkers; Communism
Dates: 1942 - 1976
Abstract The UAW organized Region 2B in the Northwest Ohio area in 1939. In 1937, Richard Gosser was elected President of Local 12 in Toledo (chartered in 1936 and the largest local in the region) and five years later he became Director of Region 2B. In 1947, he was elected an International Vice President, and Charles Ballard succeeded him as Director of Region 2B. Gosser retired in 1964, after he was charged and brought to trial for illegally conspiring to obtain tax records from the IRS....
Dates: 1939 - 1970
Abstract United Auto Workers Canadian Region 7 began the same year as the international union and was recognized by all major automotive manufacturers in the early 1940s. With a reputation for being militant, the union grew to be the largest in Canada, pioneering pension security, guaranteed annual wages, pre-paid medical prescriptions, and wage parity for workers in the country.
Dates: 1937 - 1970
Abstract United Auto Workers Region 7: Toronto Sub-Regional Office is one of the major sub-regional offices of the Canadian region of the union. Their records document activities of Region 7, District Council 26, and those of the sub-region itself.
Dates: 1941 - 1968
Abstract Subjects include: auto industry and auto workers in New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania and upstate New York; Martin Gerber; equal employment opportunity; low-cost public housing; Bell Aircraft strike (1949); Kohler strike (1959); Liberal Party (N.Y.); New Jersey politics and government; civil rights movement; labor education; UAW CAP; women auto workers.
Dates: 1941 - 1985
Abstract Subjects include: UAW organization in Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, and Puerto Rico; politics; strikes; Model Cities Program; Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers Union; retirees; UAW Public Review Board
Dates: 1945 - 1984
Abstract Subjects include: automobile and agricultural implement workers in Minnesota; negotiations; benefits
Dates: 1941 - 1980; Majority of material found within 1950 - 1979
Abstract Since the formation of the United Auto Workers Union in 1935, union members have been actively involved in U.S. and international politics. Individual union members, from the highest ranking officer to the newest rank and file member have testified before Congress on issues ranging from trade and health care to housing and public welfare. Beginning in 1938 and ending in 2009 this collection documents the history of UAW members’ appearances before Congressional Committees. This collection...
Dates: 1938 - 2009; Majority of material found within 1958 - 1991
Abstract In 1956, UAW President Walter Reuther enlisted community support for a prepaid group medical practice approach to health care. The purchase of Metropolitan Hospital on Detroit’s west side was the first major step taken to start the plan. The plan was received with great skepticism by many Detroit area physicians, who considered the new approach “socialized medicine,” but the controversy ended in 1959, when the American Medical Association dropped its longstanding ban against prepaid group...
Dates: 1954 - 1972