Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 46 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract AWOC was chartered by the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) to organize farm workers in California. During its seven-year existence, AWOC called many strikes against growers and farm labor contractors and achieved some success in raising wages of farm laborers.
Abstract David Burciaga worked with many farm worker movement leaders, including Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta and Gilbert Padilla in various capacities, from the 1950s to the 1980s. He served as the United Farm Workers’ top contract negotiator, working with both farm workers and growers. Prior to his involvement with the UFW, Burciaga worked with the American Friends Service Committee as the El Porvenir community development advisor from 1964 to 1970 and for the Community Service Organization (CSO)....
Abstract Dolores Huerta champions the rights of farm workers and Latinos. As a young teacher her experiences in classrooms filled with hungry children of migrant farm workers led her to believe that an even greater need was organizing farm workers. Dolores first met Cesar Chavez in the late 1950s while organizing farm workers under the name of the Agricultural Workers Association. In 1962 they founded the National Farm Workers Association in Delano, California. Today, Dolores Huerta continues to place...
Abstract Don Watson was active in community organizations, politics and labor unions most of his life. Before retiring, Watson was an active member of the ILWU Local 34 from 1955 to 1993 serving in a variety of capacities. In the mid-1960s he joined the Five-Dollar-a-Month Club in support of the farm workers organizing drive that was founded by members from ILWU Local 10. Later Watson became head of the organization and continued to collect funds for the striking farm workers from the clerks and...
Abstract The Industrial Workers of the World was founded in 1905 and is a member-run union for all workers. The IWW organizes all workers producing the same goods or services into one union instead of pooling them by skill or trade. Numbered among its members (known popularly as Wobblies) are lumberjacks, miners, farmhands (especially migrant workers), sailors, and workers in textile mills. Since their founding, the IWW has made significant contributions to labor struggles around the world. The union is...
Abstract Ken Barger (1941-), who was raised in east Tennessee, became active in social change after his experiences serving in the Vietnam War. He was a professor of Anthropology for thirty years at Indiana University Indianapolis focusing professionally on social change. Through these professional interests, he got involved with the farm labor movement and the immigrant rights movement. Barger has been an active member of the FLOC movement since 1979. He participated in many activities, such as...
Abstract In 1956 Larry Itliong founded the Filipino Farm Labor Union in California. With the formation in 1967 of UFWOC (United Farm Workers Organizing Committee) Larry Itliong became Assistant Director to Cesar Chavez in the union that would eventually become the UFW. In January, 1970 he was appointed National Boycott Coordinator of the UFWOC. Itliong resigned from the Union on October 15, 1971. He devoted the rest of his life to improving the lives of retired Filipino farm workers, and to a wide...
Abstract Marc Grossman became involved with the United Farm Workers in 1969 while an undergraduate student at the University of California, Irvine; where he graduated with a B.A. degree in American History in 1972. During that time he helped organize the Grape Boycott. From there he went on to obtain a Master’s degree in journalism at UCLA in 1973. With his degree in journalism, Mr. Grossman went to work for the UFW and its President, Cesar Chavez. Marc Grossman knew Chavez the last 24...
Abstract Mark Sharwood was as a full time volunteer for the United Farm Workers from 1976 until 1982. He worked towards passing Proposition 14, for which he traveled through California, Texas, Mid-west states and New York, assisting with various boycotts and campaigns. Beginning in 1978, Sharwood handled the propaganda for the Imperial Valley election. He created graphic fliers in order to communicate ideas that did not translate into words. Sharwood's records consist of leaflets, pamphlets and flyers...
Abstract In 2000, Fred Stielow interviewed "labor priest" Monsignor George Higgins. Collection consists of an audio recording. Higgins talks about his long involvement, through his leadership in the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, with the United Farm Workers and association with Cesar Chavez. He offers his perspectives on Chavez's legacy, the need for a thorough history of the man and the movement, and the importance of open access to relevant archival material.
Abstract The National Farm Worker Ministry (NFWM)—original name Migrant Ministry— has been administering to the nation’s farm workers since the 1920’s. It originally operated in southeastern United States and by the early 1940s expanded to aid migrant workers in fifteen states. It was during the strikes and boycotts of the 1960s and 1970s initiated by Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers Union (UFW) that brought the California Migrant Ministry and other state migrant ministries to form a national...
Abstract The National Farm Worker Ministry (predecessor name California Migrant Ministry) is an agency of the Southern and Northern California Councils of Churches and is affiliated with the Migrant Ministry of the National Council of Churches. It carries on a direct and active ministry of service to farm workers and their families in the following areas: Education, health services, worship, recreation, literacy classes, voter registration, community development, and vocational counseling and training....
Abstract The National Sharecroppers Fund (NSF) was incorporated in 1943 and grew out of “National Sharecroppers Week,” an annual event intended to rally support for the Southern Tenant Farmers Union. NSF was founded to provide financial assistance and information on government aid programs to organizations dedicated to improving living conditions for the rural poor. The photograph collection consists of images documenting NSF activities and the lives of sharecroppers and their families from the 1940s...
Abstract The National Sharecroppers Fund grew out of the "National Sharecroppers Week," an annual event to rally support for the fledgling Southern Tenant Farmers Union. It was founded to provide financial assistance and information on government aid programs to organizations dedicated to improving living conditions for the rural poor. Their records include the papers of Fay Bennett and her work with the NSF, the National Advisory committee on Farm Labor, the Migrant Children's Fund, the National...
Abstract The Orange County Interfaith Committee to Aid Farm Workers was a branch of the National Farm Workers Ministry. NFWM began in 1920 as a ministry of charity and service, providing food, clothing and day care to the farm workers. When United Farm Workers founder César Chávez began organizing in the 1960's, he called on the religious community to change its emphasis from charity to justice. NFWM became the vehicle for people of faith to respond to that call.The collection consists of...
Abstract Richard Alatorre was born and raised in Los Angeles, graduating from James A. Garfield High School in 1961. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from California State University, Los Angeles, in 1965. He later went on to earn a Master of Public Administration degree from the University of Southern California. Alatorre taught in several California universities before becoming an aide to California Assemblyman Walter Karabian and State Senator Alfred Song in 1968. Before this he was Western...
Abstract Robert J. Thomas is a professor at Brandeis University and Executive Director at the Accenture Institute for High Performance. He was formerly a professor of Organizational Studies at MIT. Thomas' area of interest lies in leadership and transformational change. He has written books, such as Citizenship, Gender, and Work: Social Organization of Industrial Agriculture, with the UFW as subject matter. The Robert Thomas collection reflects his previous research for his book in organizational...
Abstract The Service Employees International Union (SEIU) was founded in 1921 as a union of flat janitors. Over the years it has grown in size and scope, now comprising three divisions: healthcare, property services, and public services. While most of SEIU’s members reside in the United States, the SEIU is an international union with members and affiliates in countries all over the world. The records of SEIU’s International Affairs Department document the SEIU’s relationships with companies, unions,...
Abstract United Farm Workers grew out of several farm workers organizations of the 1960s and was led by Cesar Chavez for over thirty years. The Administration Department records reflect the wide range of people and groups with whom the UFW corresponded. The work of the union itself is well represented, including U.S., Canada, and Europe boycott files, El Malcriado files, and negotiations with southern California grape growers. Part 3 of the records represent the second decade of the union’s progress...
Abstract The UFW grape and lettuce boycotts of the late 1960s and early 1970s were the outgrowth of The Delano Grape Strike, which occurred in September 1965 in California. In 1967 the idea of boycotting a product was fostered by Cesar Chavez, head of the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC). Chavez’s intent was to alert the nation that farm workers were looking for civil rights, as well as fairer wages and thus used the tactic of boycotting as a non-violent means of furthering his goal....
Abstract The primary mission of the UFW California boycott offices was to alert the nation that farm laborers were looking for civil rights, as well as fairer wages. Cesar Chavez, president of the United Farm Workers Union believed that a non-violent boycott of grapes and lettuce would convey the message. The two main city offices were located in Los Angeles and San Francisco. These offices were primarily concerned with organizing letter-writing campaigns to growers, distributors (with special attention...
Abstract The UFW Montreal Boycott Office Records contains materials specific to the activities surrounding the grape and lettuce boycotts in Montreal and other cities in Canada during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Much of the material is from the tenure of Jessica Govea,a close associate of Cesar Chavez. Her work directing boycotts in Canada helped theunion win one of its first contracts with a California grape grower and ultimately settlewith the entire industry.
Abstract One of the largest boycott offices in Canada was located in Toronto. Coordinated by Bill Masterson, Jessica Govea, Marshall Ganz and others, the Toronto boycott staff and volunteers, including church and student groups, led a successful campaign against the sale and shipment of non-union grapes in Canada.