Strikes and lockouts
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 124 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract The Newspaper Guild, a national organization, initially began with the intent to be a professional organization more than a union. As such, the 1933 founders chose to call the group a “guild.” The Newspaper Guild Local 22 was an early local, established in 1934. Organizers were successful in establishing this local in Detroit by using sit-down strikes across the entire state. The Detroit Times and the Detroit Free Press were first to win bargaining recognition: The Times was first certified...
Abstract Between 1970 and 1987, Walter P. Reuther Library staff undertook a project to document the early history of the American Newspaper Guild by interviewing Guild pioneers. Alan D. Cline, a retired San Franscisco reporter and past San Francisco Oakland Newspaper Guild President, contributed to the project as well. Collection consists of recordings and/or transcripts of 7 interviews. Pioneers of the American Newspaper Guild and Newspaper Guild locals discuss their backgrounds and early lives, entry...
Abstract Philip Vera Cruz (Dec 25, 1904 – June 12, 1994) was born in Saoag, Ilocos Sur, Philippines. He worked on farms in the Philippines before traveling to the United States in 1926. Vera Cruz worked several odd jobs around the Midwest, but was not active in any union before moving to California in 1943 and becoming a farm worker. He joined the Agricultural Worker Organizing Committee (AWOC) and soon became a leader in farm workers rights. In 1965 he was an active force in the AWOC decision to...
Abstract Material by Mr. Garman, who worked with the AFL in 1934 and with the Department of Economics at the University of Chicago in 1936. From 1938-41 he served as director of research for the International Printing Pressmens and Assistants Union; in 1941 he became the chief of the War Production Board's industrial relations section; in June, 1945 he was appointed co-chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board. Presently, Mr. Garman is teaching at the University of Illinois. Subjects include AFL's...
Collection — Small Processed Collections: Br - Col, Box 2, Folder: 3-6
Abstract Mr. Frankensteen served as president of the Automotive Industrial Workers Association, one of the independent attempts to organize the auto industry in the early 1930's. He later served as president of UAW Dodge Local 3. In 1937 he was elected a vice-president of the UAW-CIO. Correspondence, speeches, clippings, and other materials on the Ryan Aeronautical Company Strike (1944); the National War Labor Board; North American Strike (1941); factionalism within the UAW-CIO; activities of the UAW...
Abstract Newspaper articles collected by Mr. Kanter, who served as Strike Committee chairman during the Cadillac sit-downs (1937) worked for Detroit West Side Local 174 (1937-39), and fought in the Battle of the Overpass. The Homer Martin split (1939) and the Ford Strike (1941) are covered.
Abstract Robert J. Thomas is a professor at Brandeis University and Executive Director at the Accenture Institute for High Performance. He was formerly a professor of Organizational Studies at MIT. Thomas' area of interest lies in leadership and transformational change. He has written books, such as Citizenship, Gender, and Work: Social Organization of Industrial Agriculture, with the UFW as subject matter. The Robert Thomas collection reflects his previous research for his book in organizational...
Abstract Ruth Milkman (1954-) is a professor of sociology at the CUNY Graduate Center and the academic director at the Joseph F. Murphy Institute for Worker Education and Labor Studies. Her professional focus is labor and labor movements, and she has published on a variety of topics revolving around work and organized labor in the United States. She received her B.A. from Brown University and her M.A. from the University of California, Berkley. Milkman’s early research focused on women workers during...
Abstract An activist in the early labor movement, Sam Sweet aided in the organization of the Flint General Motors workers and the Briggs workers in Detroit, and served as Education Director for United Auto Workers (UAW) Locals 155, 51, and 742. Granted citizenship in 1946, Mr. Sweet faced repeated government attempts to revoke his citizenship due to alleged Communist affiliation.Part I of Mr. Sweet’s papers primarily relate to his activities as Education Director of various UAW locals and as...
Abstract The Service Employees International Union (SEIU) was founded in 1921 as a union of flat janitors. Over the years it has grown in size and scope, now comprising three divisions: healthcare, property services, and public services. SEIU’s Department of Education generates training materials for its members on topics including workplace training (for all three divisions), internal staff professional development, collective bargaining, organizing, and political campaigns. Document formats found...
Abstract David Sullivan was an elevator operator in New York City and a founding member of the Service Employees International Union's Local 32B in 1934. He rapidly ascended the ranks of the local's leadership and eventually became International President. Sullivan enhanced the union's visibility and influence by moving the International headquarters from Chicago to Washington, D.C. in 1963. In this same vein, he involved the union in the AFL-CIO's Committee on Political Education, a political fund...
Abstract A nephew of William F. Quesse, SEIU's founder and first International President, William McFetridge began his career with SEIU in 1923 as a member of Chicago's Flat Janitors Local 1. In 1927 he assumed the position of SEIU Third Vice President and then ascended to the position of SEIU 1st Vice President in 1930, a position he maintained until April of 1940, when he became President of the International. The records comprising this collection chronicle McFetridge's last years as President of...
Abstract The Service Employees International Union (SEIU) was founded in 1921 as a union of flat janitors. Over the years it has grown in size and scope, now comprising three divisions: healthcare, property services, and public services. The Healthcare Division Records primarily detail various aspects of Hospital and Healthcare Workers Union Local 250’s trusteeship and transition back to self-governance from 1986 through 1989. Additional subjects covered are the 1986 Healthcare Division Conference, and...
Abstract Miscellaneous materials collected by the first chairman of the Foundry Unit of UAW Ford Local 600, of the Rouge plant in Dearborn, Michigan. Mr. Tappes was active in the drive to organize the Ford Motor Company from the campaign's beginnings in 1937 and served Local 600 as recording secretary from 1942-44. The Ford organizing drive and strike of 1949 are discussed. An oral history interview with Mr. Tappes is available.
Abstract Sydney Smith was active in the California Migrant Ministry (later known as the National Farm Worker Ministry) and served as the founding director of Pasadena’s Community Housing Service. The papers of Mr. Smith document his research conducted for his book on the migrant ministries entitled Grapes of Conflict: The Faith Community and Farm Workers.
Item — Box Individual Oral Histories Box 3: O-Si, Folder: 11-12
Abstract In 1976, Dennis East interviewed labor organizer and educator Ted F. Silvey, who worked in the printer's trade before becoming a full-time labor organizer, educator, and speaker with the CIO. Collection consists of the interview recordings and transcript, conducted in parts over several days. Silvey talks about his career as a speaker and writer with the Ohio CIO Council and the national CIO, as well as his early life.
Collection — Small Processed Collections: S-T, Box 13, Folder: 10
Abstract Thomas Starling was a United Auto Workers member and president of Local 34 in Atlanta, GA who served on the UAW Board of Directors for twelve years. His papers reflect his association with the UAW, especially in regards to General Motors.
Abstract The UAW Chrysler Department was formed in the year following the tumultuous sit-down strikes of 1937. Responsible of the department included planning, developing, negotiating, and administering collective bargaining agreements for Chrysler workers in the United States and Canada. The records of the department reflect its administration and activities and largely include the files of Arthur Hughes, an administrative assistant and assistant director in the department from 1940-1978.
Abstract The UAW signed its first contract with Ford Motor Company in 1941 after years of confrontation between labor and management. They achieved many gains for Ford employees, including a pension plan, health care benefits, workplace health and safety protection, skilled trades recognition, a shortened work week, more paid days off, supplemental unemployment benefits, and a guaranteed annual income credit. Their records document department affairs under the leadership of Richard Leonard and Ken...
Abstract The UAW GM Department was established in 1938 to handle contract and strike negotiations, grievances, pension and retirement programs, membership and union shop drives and local demands of GM workers. Their records document these activities and include material on the Fisher Body Division and UAW Local 659 in particular.
Abstract UAW Local 1444 represented the workers at the Anaconda Wire and Cable Co. in Anderson, Indiana. Anaconda was a supplier of insulated electrical wire products to the auto industry. Originally chartered in 1937 as Federal Labor Union Local 18704, the local re-organized in 1966 as UAW Local 1444 and was defunct in 1977.