Strikes and lockouts
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 129 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract The Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO) grew out of an attempt by a group of ten young women in 1914 to provide Detroit with culture. A permanent home, Orchestra Hall, was built in 1919 by C. Howard Crane. The DSO performs regular subscription and special concerts, as well as provides a number of special events and programs outside of Orchestra Hall. The records of the DSO relate its administration, marketing, and public relations, as well as the orchestra's community outreach, cultural...
Abstract Detroit Typographical Union (DTU) No. 18 was established in 1852 in conjunction with the establishment of the National Typographical Union (later known as the International Typographical Union or ITU). Throughout its history the union has represented three major dailies: The Detroit News, The Detroit Free Press and The Detroit Times as well as suburban newspaper publications and non-newsprint publishers of the Detroit metropolitan area.The DTU records document its administration and...
Abstract Dolores Huerta champions the rights of farm workers and Latinos. As a young teacher her experiences in classrooms filled with hungry children of migrant farm workers led her to believe that an even greater need was organizing farm workers. Dolores first met Cesar Chavez in the late 1950s while organizing farm workers under the name of the Agricultural Workers Association. In 1962 they founded the National Farm Workers Association in Delano, California. Today, Dolores Huerta continues to place...
Abstract Dorothy Kraus, wife of Henry Kraus, had a Jewish working class socialist family background. When married to Henry, she helped assist in local Detroit UAW strikes by organizing strike kitchens and leading the Emergency Brigade. Her efforts led to the formation of the UAW Women's Auxiliary.Material in Part I of the Dorothy Kraus Collection relates mainly to the early activities of the UAW Women's Auxiliary, attempts to control the cost of living during the Depression, and to...
Abstract Ellen Creager (b. 1956), a Detroit Free Press reporter, first joined the press as a copy editor in 1983 after earning her Bachelor of Arts in Journalism from Michigan State University; ultimately she was promoted to the position of general assignment reporter in the Features Department. The Detroit Free Press and The Detroit News employees engaged in a strike against Gannett and Knight-Ridder newspaper chains beginning in July of 1995. Creager was working part-time when the strike began because...
Abstract The Folklore Archive, established in 1939 by WSU English professors Emlyn Gardner and Thelma James, contains the oldest and largest record of urban folk traditions in the United States. To document these traditions, Wayne State University students conducted field research projects that included oral history interviews. Collection consists of audio recordings of 55 interviews (or aggregations of multiple interviews on a single topic) conducted by student interviewer-collectors, some of which,...
Collection — Small Processed Collections: O-R, Box 12, Folder: 1
Abstract Mr. O'Rourke participated in the sit-down at the Fisher Body Plant 2 in Flint, Michigan. His diary notes cover the entire period of the strike from December 30, 1936 to February 11, 1937. The seventeen pages consist of short entries for each day of that strike.
Abstract The George Hopkins Papers document ALPA’s activities during the Southern Airways (SOU) strike of 1960. Hopkins is a historian and the author of a number of books concerning airline pilots. He obtained the files from John Boyd, a SOU pilot who spent considerable time lobbying for ALPA in Washington DC during the strike.The main issue of the SOU strike was equal pay for equal work. ALPA maintained that all pilots should receive the same salary regardless of the size of the airline,...
Abstract Helen Marie Newman Bowers was born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin on May 16, 1908. After graduating from Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota, she began teaching art in Detroit, Michigan in 1933 and quickly got involved with the Detroit Federation of Teachers (DFT), Local 231. She left the teaching profession in 1958 to become the executive secretary of the DFT. Together with DFT President Mary Ellen Riordan, Detroit teachers won collective bargaining in 1964. Helen Bowers won duty-free...
Abstract Mr. Kraus was the first editor of the UAW's newspaper The United Auto Worker (later changed to Solidarity). He was active in the early attempts by the UAW (first under the AFL and later under the CIO) to organize the auto industry. Files for the late 1920s and early 1930s cover the attempts by groups, including the Auto Workers Union of the Trade Union Unity League, to organize auto workers, and discuss such events as the Murray Body Strike (1929); the Ford Hunger March (1932); and the Briggs...
Abstract Mr. Thompson was an organizer for the AFL, the Steel Workers Organizing Committee, and was one of the first paid organizers for the UAW. He was active for the UAW in the Anderson, Indiana, area in early 1937, and directed the strike against General Motors in Oshawa, Ontario, in the spring of 1937. These events are particularly well documented in the collection. Correspondents include George Addes, Francis Dillon, Richard Frankensteen, John L. Lewis, Homer Martin, Philip Murray, David McDonald,...
Abstract The Industrial Workers of the World was founded in 1905 and is a member-run union for all workers. The IWW organizes all workers producing the same goods or services into one union instead of pooling them by skill or trade. Numbered among its members (known popularly as Wobblies) are lumberjacks, miners, farmhands (especially migrant workers), sailors, and workers in textile mills. Since their founding, the IWW has made significant contributions to labor struggles around the world. The union is...
Abstract Between 1974 and 1984, while completing graduate studies in sociology, Eric Margolis and Ron McMahan undertook two research projects that formed the University of Colorado Coal Project, documenting the memories and work of coal miners through interviews and photographs. The project included oral histories with former coal miners, community members, and experts across the Western United States, with a focus on Colorado. Coverage includes documentation of IWW members, activities, and events....
Abstract A one-time reporter for the Federated Press, Mr. Brown gathered a variety of items for a proposed book on unionism in the auto industry. Clippings, correspondence, handbills, and miscellaneous publications relate to the rise of auto unions during the 1930s and 1940s. Nearly every topic of importance for that time and subject is covered, including sit-downs, drives to organize various plants, and strikes. The scrapbooks contain mostly Detroit newspaper clippings about auto unions.Box...
Abstract A recipient of the Walter P. Reuther Distinguished Service Award, Joe Walton was a participant in the General Motors Flint Sit-Down Strike of 1936-1937 and held various posts in United Auto Workers (UAW) Local 581, including Sergeant-at-Arms and Financial Secretary. Mr. Walton’s papers document his involvement in the labor movement, particularly concerning the activities of Local 581.
Abstract Knights of Labor traveling card (1883) and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings (1938-40 and 1947-59) collected by Mr. Eldon, who was a member of Briggs Local 212 of Detroit and was on the staff of the Education Department of the UAW International (1937-40), and International representative to the Canadian Region of the UAW (1940-59). Subjects include UAW organizing and negotiations; NLRB and labor legislation; Briggs and Chrysler strikes (1939), Father Coughlin; Homer Martin and UAW factionalism;...
Abstract Mr. Zaremba was an early leader of the Automotive Industrial Workers' Association and took an active part in the formation of Dodge Local 3 of the UAW. Minutes, correspondence, clippings, and other files document early union activities at the Chrysler Corporation, especially the Dodge Main Plant. Topics covered include the Chrysler 1937 Sit-Down and the 1939 Strike; the Wayne County Industrial Union Council; the Civil Rights Federation; and union education programs. Among the correspondents are...
Abstract Mr. Jablonower began teaching in the New York Public School System in 1910. The trial of three New York teachers (1917-18) led Mr. Jablonower to join other teachers founding the New York City Teachers Union, associated with the New York Teachers Guild and the American Federation of Teachers. His papers include correspondence, speeches, clippings, and other materials on his appointment to the Board of Examiners (1938); the Brooklyn Society for Ethical Culture; his aid to European refugees, and...
Abstract Kenosha Labor is the newspaper of the labor movement in Kenosha, Wisconsin. The papers of this journal include materials on UAW Local 72 at American Motors in Kenosha; strikes; the Trade Union Unity League; WPA; and the Wisconsin Employment Relations Board.
Abstract Labor Notes (officially titled the Labor Education and Research Project) is a media and organizing project for union rank and file activists based out of Detroit, Michigan. Best known for their self-titled monthly magazine, Labor Notes also publishes books, hosts a bi-annual conference, and runs organizing workshops and seminars for Union locals throughout North America. Since 1979 they have served an important networking and organizing role in the labor community, working to strengthen the...
Abstract The Alaska Federation of Teachers Local 1175, originally named the Alaska State Employees Association, formed in 1959 before state employees were allowed to bargain collectively. In 1972 Alaska passed a public employee relation act giving the ASEA the power to bargain for its members. In 1988 the association joined the AFT. The records contain information on the 1978 strike; the decertification and joining of the AFT campaign, membership information, executive board minutes, and legal issues...
Abstract Marc Grossman became involved with the United Farm Workers in 1969 while an undergraduate student at the University of California, Irvine; where he graduated with a B.A. degree in American History in 1972. During that time he helped organize the Grape Boycott. From there he went on to obtain a Master’s degree in journalism at UCLA in 1973. With his degree in journalism, Mr. Grossman went to work for the UFW and its President, Cesar Chavez. Marc Grossman knew Chavez the last 24...
Abstract Marjorie Stern worked as on organizer for the American Federation of Teachers in various cities, served seven consecutive terms as secretary to the San Francisco Federation of Teachers Local 61, and played an instrumental role in the creation of the AFT Women’s Rights Committee. Ms. Stern served as coordinator of the National Organization for Women’s (NOW) Task Force on Union Women, and served as a founding member of the Coalition of Labor Union Women (CLUW). Ms. Stern’s papers relate to her...