Labor unions and communism
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 20 Collections and/or Records:
Collection — Small Processed Collections: La-Le, Box 9, Folder: 12-15
Abstract Abraham Lefkowitz was a teacher and principal in the New York elementary school system and active in teachers unions, civic and social reform movements, and championed minority causes and civil liberties. He was one of the founders of the American Federation of Teachers, serving as Vice-President for fourteen years. His papers reflect his professional and social contributions made during his years in the New York public school system, particularly his fight against communists in the AFT.
Abstract Papers consist of correspondence, ballots, proceedings from meetings, clippings, local finances, per capita reports, charter applications. Subjects include integration, federal works programs, loyalty oaths, academic freedom, federal aid to education, communist issues.
Abstract Contains Series VIII-XIII. Series VIII State publications, 1950s-1963 Series IX, miscellaneous materials 1935-1964 Series X communications to locals, 1934-1963 Series XI memos and mimeographed materials, 1921-1964 Series XII Locals, 1914-1960s Series XIII AFT conventions, 1916-1967
Collection — Small Processed Collections: E-F, Box 5, Folder: 1
Abstract A militant labor activist, Charles Dewey was a member of United Auto Workers Local 155 and supported a number of UAW dissident groups, including the Independent Skilled Trades Council. Mr. Dewey’s papers relate his work with Local 155 and UAW dissident groups.
Abstract Part 1 contains James B. Carey records, secretary-treasurer of the CIO from 1938 to 1955. Mr. Carey served as chairman of the CIO Civil Rights Committee and secretary-treasurer of the Philip Murray Memorial Foundation. He was the CIO representative to many international conferences, held a number of advisory positions with U.S. government agencies, and was on the executive boards of many private organizations. The topics cover a wide range of CIO activities. Among these are attempts to reunite...
Item — Box Individual Oral Histories Box 2: G-M, Folder: 11
Abstract In or before 1972, Daniel Brooks interviewed labor leader Dave Miller, first president of United Auto Workers Local 22 and a founding member of the National Council of Senior Citizens. Collection consists of an interview transcript. Miller talks about his childhood in Dundee, Scotland; his early working life, beginning as a child laborer in a textile mill, and entry into labor activism in Scotland and England; observations on social class and activism in the UK, including the temperance...
Abstract Elizabeth Gurley Flynn joined the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) as a high school student in 1906, but left school a year later to dedicate herself to organizing full time. A gifted and popular speaker, over the next several years she participated in IWW free speech and legal defense fund-raising campaigns and helped organize the Lawrence and Paterson textile strikes. A tireless defender of labor and political agitators facing deportation, Ms. Flynn helped found the ACLU in 1920, only to...
Abstract John Herling was a prolific journalist, working for several publications and serving as White House correspondent and syndicated columnist specializing in labor affairs throughout the 1950s and 1960s. He owned "John Herling's Labor Letter," which he edited and published from 1947 to 1990, as well as authoring several books, including Strikes Under the New Deal, The Great Price Conspiracy, and ...
Abstract Mr. Jablonower began teaching in the New York Public School System in 1910. The trial of three New York teachers (1917-18) led Mr. Jablonower to join other teachers founding the New York City Teachers Union, associated with the New York Teachers Guild and the American Federation of Teachers. His papers include correspondence, speeches, clippings, and other materials on his appointment to the Board of Examiners (1938); the Brooklyn Society for Ethical Culture; his aid to European refugees, and...
Collection — Small Processed Collections: S-T, Box 13, Folder: 5
Abstract Correspondence, clippings, and leaflets collected by Mr. Shaffer, who has served as committeeman, editor, convention delegates, and president of UAW Local 163 (Detroit Diesel Division of General Motors Corporation), and as chairman of the Wayne County Retired Workers Council of the UAW. Subjects include General Motors & Ford contract comparisons, H.L. Hunt, McCarthyism, and the Rosenberg case. An oral history interview with Mr. Shaffer is available.
Abstract Long active with the AFT, Miss Herrick was its director of research and vice-president, and served in other positions with that union. During the 1930s, she was particularly concerned with organizing teachers in the Chicago area. The communist controversy in the AFT, federal aid to education, Workers Defense League, and teacher salaries and problems are covered. Correspondents include Irvin Kuenzli, Jerome Davis, Selma Borchardt, Charles Cogen, Estes Kefauver, and Paul Douglas.
Collection — Small Processed Collections: E-F, Box 5, Folder: 16
Abstract Matthew and Elizabeth Serviss Fox were both members of the IWW. Mrs. Fox served as the secretary-treasurer, William D. Haywood's secretary during his tenure. These papers consist of three letters Haywood wrote to Elizabeth Serviss Fox during his appeals process and subsequent flight to Russia.
Abstract In 1971, Roger Keeran interviewed seven radical auto workers and labor organizers for his book The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions. Collection consists of interview recordings with these auto workers and labor organizers on their perspectives on or involvement with communism and the radical left, and its influence on the development of the UAW. Audio quality on some recordings is poor.
Abstract Stanton Smith served as Vice-President of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and as president of AFT Local 246, Chattanooga. Mr. Smith played a prominent role in the investigation and hearings of AFT locals charged with communist affiliations. Also a member of AFT local 246, Nancy Smith served on the Nominations and Elections Committee to the 23rd Annual Convention and was an active advocate for passing the referendum to revoke the charters of communist affiliated locals. The papers of...
Abstract This collection consists of the records of UAW Local 248 from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Local 248, founded in 1937, was a workers’ union of the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company – West Challis Works. The records cover the time period of the beginning of the local, strikes and internal struggles, and a time of rebuilding. The collection includes correspondence, transcripts from hearings and negotiations, organizational documents for Local 248 and other local groups, along with other...
Abstract The collection consists of correspondence between W. Jett Lauck, an advisor to John L. Lewis during the 1930s, and Jay Lovestone. Among the topics discussed are United Auto Workers' factionalism; developments in the labor movement, especially the CIO and John L. Lewis; the CIO and the Communist Party; the late 1930s UAW Strikes at GM; the International Ladies Garment Workers Union under David Dubinsky.
Abstract William Gausmann held positions in Europe, the United States and Vietnam as a labor advisor, news analyst and policymaker with various European and United States government agencies. Mr. Gausmann’s papers relate his work concerning labor issues, Communism, and the Vietnam War and to a lesser degree, his associations with the Socialist Party and the Lutheran Church of America.
Abstract William Gernaey was born in Detroit, Michigan on February 27, 1903. He attended the University of Michigan from 1920-1923 and majored in political economics. From there he studied one year each of business administration and accounting at Detroit Business University. From 1923 to 1927 Gernaey was employed by the Chrysler Corporation Detroit, as an industrial efficiency expert. From there he transitioned to investigating communist activities as an operative from 1927 to 1936. As...
Abstract As United Auto Workers (UAW) Vice-President, Wyndham Mortimer worked to organize the employees of General Motors Fisher Body Plant, which led to the Flint Sit-Down Strike of 1936-1937, and later participated in the negotiations that achieved the first UAW-GM contract. Mr. Mortimer was active in factional struggles within the UAW as a leader of the Unity Caucus and was ultimately expelled from the UAW with charges of Communist allegiance. Mr. Mortimer’s papers document his work in the UAW,...