Skip to main content

Mae Mallory Papers

Identifier: UP000955

Scope and Content

The material in this collection reflects Mallory's participation in the civil rights movement and documents her period of imprisonment.

Important subjects covered in the collection are: Black activism (1960's) Civil rights movement Monroe Defense Committee Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM) Robert F. Williams Women's prison conditions

Correspondents include: Anderson, Charles (Chuck) Williams, Mabel Williams, Robert F.

Series Description: Series I, Mae Mallory's Imprisonment and Trial, Box 1: Correspondence, writings, legal papers, handbills, and other material relating to Mae Mallory's imprisonment and trial.

Series II, Organizational Literature, Box 2: Mainly handbills but also material such as reports, notes, pamphlets, and a small amount of correspondence.


  • 1961 - 1967
  • Majority of material found within 1962 - 1963


Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.


Collection is open for research.


Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.


Mae Mallory (also known as Willie Mae Mallory) was born in Macon, Georgia on June 9, 1927. She later went to live in New York City with her mother in 1939. She became active in the black civil rights movement and was secretary of the organization, Crusaders for Freedom. She was closely associated with the ultra-militant leader of the NAACP chapter in Monroe, North Carolina, Robert F. Williams, who advocated that blacks arm themselves in order to defend their rights.

In 1961 she, Williams and others were charged with kidnapping a white couple during a racial disturbance in Monroe. She fled to Cleveland, Ohio, to avoid arrest, but was imprisoned from 1962 to 1964 in the Cuyahoga County Jail to await extradition to North Carolina to face trial. Williams, who, like Mallory, protested his innocence of the charges, fled via Canada to Cuba and later China. In 1964 she was returned to Monroe, stood trial, and was convicted. She appealed the sentence, and in the following year the North Carolina Supreme Court dismissed the case because blacks had been excluded from the grand jury.


1 Linear Feet (2 MB)


Active in the civil rights movement, Mae Mallory advocated for African-Americans' right to armed self-defense and was closely associated with NAACP member and author of "Negroes with Guns," Robert F. Williams. Ms. Mallory was imprisoned for alleged kidnapping but was later released after the North Carolina Supreme Court determined racial discrimination in the selection of the jury. Ms. Mallory's papers document her imprisonment and reflect her participation in the radical civil rights movement.

Arrangement of the Records

Arranged in 2 series - Series 1 (Box 1), and Series 2 (Box 2). Series 1 is arranged chronologically and Series 2 is arranged alphabetically.


The papers of Mae Mallory were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in January of 1978 by General Baker.

Related Material

There is some information on Mae Mallory and Robert Williams in the Archives' vertical file under the headings, "Civil Rights" and "Socialist Workers Party."

Processing History

Finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in December 1979.


Guide to the Mae Mallory Papers
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA