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United Transport Service Employees Records

Identifier: LR000201
The United Transport Service Employees Collection covers the period from 1938 to 1966 and contains mostly newspaper and magazine clippings by Willard Townsend. The box also contains much information about Mr. Townsend.


  • 1944 - 1966



Collection is open for research.


Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.


.5 Linear Feet (1 MB)


Clippings, reports, correspondence, and reports of articles relating to writings and other activities of Willard S. Townsend, founder and president of the International Brotherhood of Red Caps (1938), which later became the United Transport Service Employees (CIO). The collection has material on Mr. Townsend and also on civil rights, blacks in labor and the Korean War, and history of the UTSE.


The United Transport Service Employees began under the direction of Willard Saxly Townsend. Mr. Townsend organized the Independent Brotherhood of Red Gaps in 1938. The union eventually grew into the United Transport Service Employees. This union affiliated with the CIO in 1942.

Mr. Townsend was a college graduate with a degree in law. His credentials as a unionist were unquestionable and he wrote prolific articles about the labor movement, the Negro in labor, and civil rights. Mr. Townsend died February 3, 1957.


The material is arranged in one box and folders are listed by their location within the box. They are not necessarily arranged, so any given subject may be dispersed throughout the entire collection.


The papers of the United Transport Service Exployees were deposited with the labor History Archives in Sept. 1966 by George Sabattie.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by WW in May, 1967.
United Transport Service Employees Records
Processed by WW.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA