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UAW Women's Auxiliaries Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR000918

Scope and Content

This collection documents the programs and activities of the women's auxiliaries at all levels. The bulk of the correspondence reflects the work of Catherine Gelles in organizing the auxiliaries and subsequently affiliating them into national and regional organizations.
Series Description

Series I, UAW-CIO Women's Auxiliaries - Conferences and Meetings, 1942-1955: Minutes and reports from the years the UAW Auxiliaries were affiliated with the CIO. They cover meetings of the International Coordinating Committee, International Conferences and National conventions.

Series II, UAW Women's Auxiliaries - Office Files, 1942-1973: Correspondence and records from the UAW International Office covering the years when the women's auxiliaries were affiliated consecutively with the CIO, the AFL-CIO, then the time of disaffiliation from the AFL-CIO and the transfer to the Women's Department. The files mainly are related to organizing.

Series III, UAW Local Women's Auxiliaries, 1948-1976: Correspondence, clippings, reports and financial records of local auxiliaries. These files reflect the interaction between these organizations and the UAW International Office.

Series IV, UAW Regional Women's Auxiliaries, 1945-1976: Correspondence and reports at the regional level for the UAW auxiliaries These are mainly the Canadian regional files but there is also information from regions in the United States.

Series V, AFL-CIO Regional and National Auxiliaries, 1955-1971: Correspondence and reports generated by Catherine Gelles as vice-president on the executive board of the AFL-CIO National Auxiliaries.

Series VI, General Information, c. 1940-1973: Pamphlets, news-clippings, booklets, plays, and educational materials from the various auxiliaries in this collection.

Dates

  • 1941 - 1976

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.

History

Women became interested in creating UAW auxiliaries during an organization drive in November of 1936. In subsequent strikes, the wives of union workers were active in setting up strike kitchens, feeding strikers, arranging benefit dances and holding mass meetings to gain sympathy. A women's auxiliary was formed to take part in the Flint sit-down strike in January, 1937, and an "emergency brigade" was mobilized as a unit of the auxiliary to help picket when needed. Women's Auxiliary members also participated in the Ford "Battle of the Overpass" on May 27, 1937. During this period thirty-three UAW Women's Auxiliaries were established.

At the 1940 Convention the auxiliaries were organized on a more permanent basis. A coordinating committee was created in order to utilize auxiliary activities to further union organizing efforts and UAW programs.

During World War II, the UAW Women's Auxiliaries participated in civil defense, war bond drives, became Red Cross volunteers, worked at U.S.O. centers and helped set up nurseries for working mothers. UAW Auxiliaries throughout the United States raised funds to purchase jeeps and ambulances for the war effort.

Over the years the programs of the Women's Auxiliaries have included fund raising for cancer research, the March of Dimes, crippled and retarded children and the Community Fund. Members have been encouraged to help elect labor-supportive candidates and to campaign for legislation favorable to labor. They have also shown an active interest in consumerism and civil rights. The auxiliaries have participated in the Union Label program by sponsoring a contest each year to encourage buying union-made goods. Education programs give members an understanding of the UAW and its purposes.

Catherine Gelles has been prominent in directing the affairs of the UAW Women's Auxiliary and the bulk of the correspondence in this collection reflects her 35-year association with this organization. Mrs. Gelles first became associated with the UAW in 1936 when she actively participated in the strikes of that time. In 1937 she organized Auxiliary 15 of Local 174 and served as President for many years. She served two terms on the International Coordinating Committee and was elected Secretary-Treasurer of the International Women's Auxiliaries at the Chicago Conference in 1942.

The UAW Auxiliaries Department was established in 1947 and Mrs. Gelles became a full-time international representative under the direction of Emil Mazey. Her main responsibility was to organize, service, and direct the UAW Auxiliaries in the United States and Canada. After the 1955 merger of the AFL-CIO Mrs. Gelles also served on the executive board of the AFL-CIO National Auxiliaries as vice-president, but withdrew in 1968 when the UAW disaffiliated.

Upon the retirement of Catherine Gelles in December of 1971, the UAW Women's Auxiliaries were transferred to the Women's Department of the UAW under the direction of Caroline Davis and coordinated by Lillian Hatcher as international representative. Since this time, the primary objective of the Auxiliaries has been somewhat modified in an effort to enlist the participation of the worker's entire family in UAW programs.

Extent

8 Linear Feet (16 MB)

Abstract

Subjects include: organizing auxiliaries; community activities

Arrangement of the Records

Arranged in 6 series, Series 1 (Boxes 1-3), Series 2 (Boxes 3-6), Series 3 (Boxes 6-10), Series 4 (Boxes 10-12), Series 5 (Boxes 12-15), and Series 6 (Boxes 15-16).

Series 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6* are arranged alphabetically and then chronologically. *Only arranged alphabetically.

Series 3 is arranged chronologically by auxiliary number.

Acquisition

The papers of the UAW Women's Auxiliaries were deposited in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in February of 1979 by the UAW Women's Department.

Related Material

Catherine Gelles Oral History

Transfers

Copies of the Women's Auxiliary News received with this collection have been placed in the Archives Library.

Processing History

Finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in January 1984.
Title
Guide to the UAW Women's Auxiliaries Records
Status
Completed
Date
1984-01
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA