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Jerome P. Cavanagh Papers

 Collection
Identifier: UP000379
Part I: Part one of the papers consist of materials from Cavanagh's time as mayor of Detroit. These materials include information regardin his campaign, the various years in office, and the files of his assistants; including correspondence, reports, speeches, reports, and related materials.

Part 2 of the papers, donated in 1980, include items not left in the official mayoral files (Part 1) as well as some earlier and later miscellaneous papers. A large quantity of brochures and printed materials are included within subject files, a few of which may be duplicated in Part 1.
Scope and Contents Important Subjects in the Collection: ACT - Active Community Teams Aged and Aging, Commission on Aid to Dependent Children Air Pollution Algiers Motel Incident American Municipal Association AmeriCanada Teleferry Archdiocesan Opportunity Program Arden Plaza Area Development Administration Arts Commission Assessors, Board of Audits of Departments Aviation Commission Board of Commerce Boy's Day Branstatter Report Breakthrough Buildings and Safety Engineering Bus Shelters CADY - Community Action for Detroit Youth Cathedral High School Incident Cavanagh v. Rome and Staebler Cavanagh Speeches Central Business District Association Chamber of Commerce Charter Study Commission Citizens Research Council City Plan Commission Civic Center Commission Civil Disorders Civil Rights Civil Service Cobo Hall Code Enforcement Commission on Community Relations Community Action Programs Community Relations Commissions Community Renewal Conventions Council of Churches Crime Prevention Program DART - Deprived Areas Recreation Team Democratic Party (City, State, and National) Demonstration City Project Detroit Common Council Detroit Concert Band Detroit Educational TV Foundation Detroit House of Correction Detroit Institute of Arts Detroit Medical Center Detroit Public Library Detroit Symphony Orchestra Detroit-Wayne County Groups and Cooperative Efforts Detroit Wholesale Distribution Center Detroit-Windsor Tunnel Detroit Zoo "Detroit's Happening" Economic Club of Detroit Economic Growth Committee Education, Board of Elections Elmwood Park Expressways Federal Grant-in-Aid Programs Fire Department Fluoridation of Water Flood Control Foreign Trade Fort Wayne (Detroit) Freedom Festivals Grape Boycott Greenleigh Report GROW - Grass Roots Organization Workers Gun Control Health Department Historical Commission Hospitals Housing HUD - Department of Housing and Urban Development Income Tax, City and State Industrial and Commercial Development Commission International Village Joint Airport Committee Juvenile Delinquency Keep Detroit Beautiful Committee Kern Block Kerner Commission Labor in Detroit and Michigan Legalized Gambling Manoogian Mansion Maybury Sanatorium MCHRD - Mayor's Committee on Human Resources Development Mayor's Development Team Mayors of Other Cities Mayor's Rehabilitation Committee on Skid Row Problems Medicare Mental Health Care Metropolitan Fund Metropolitan Goals Forum Michigan Gubernatorial Campaign, 1974 Michigan Municipal League Model Cities Program NAACP Retirement System Narcotics Committee National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders National Association of County Officials National Commission on Urban Problems National League of Cities Neighborhood Conservation Neighborhood Legal Services New Bethel Baptist Church Incident New Center Action Council New Detroit Newspaper Strike Olympic Games, City Efforts for Open Housing Parks and Recreation Department Pensions Police Department Police Review Board Port of Detroit Poverty Program Public Lighting Commission Public Works Department Rapid Transit Recall Transit (by Mary Beck) Recorder's Court Regional Planning Riot, 1967 Riverfront Studies Rouge River SEMCOG - Southeast Michigan Council of Governments SEMTA - Southeast Michigan Transportation Authority Senate Campaign, 1966 Sewage Disposal System Special Youth Employment Project Stadium Committee State Fairgrounds State (Michigan) Highway Department Streets and Traffic Department TALUS - Transportation and Land Use Study TAP - Total Action Against Poverty Transportation Study Tree Trimming TV Board of Examiners Twentieth Century Fund United Community Services United Foundation United States Conference of Mayors United States - Affairs and Politics University of Detroit University of Michigan Urban Coalition Urban Corps Urban Renewal Veteran's Affairs Veterans and License Hearings Viet Nam Moratorium Visit Detroit Committee Volunteers for Cavanagh Water Department Waterfront Development Wayne County Community College Wayne County - Problems and Politics Wayne County Road Commission Wayne County Social Services Wayne State University Welfare Department West Central Organization Youth Commission Zoning Department

Important Correspondents in the Collection: Addy, David V. Anderson, Charles P. Ball, Mary Bannon, William H. Blessing, Charles A. Brown, Henry D. Brownell, Samuel Carey, Ed Casey, John P. Cisler, Walker Crowell, Howard Daly, Laurance J. Diggs Charles C. Dingell, John Dougherty, Clyde E. Drachler, Norman Edelstein, Jules C. Edwards, George, Jr. Finnin, William Gallagher, Thomas H. Girardin, Ray Gomon, Josephine Griffin, Robert Hanlon, John J. Hart, Philip Hossack, Margaret Hudson, Joseph L. Hughes, Roberta Humphrey, Hubert H. Johnson, Lyndon B. Kennedy, Edward Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Robert Klein, Bernard Know, Robert D. Knox, Patti Leadbetter, Thomas D. Leggat, Al Maio, Alger F. Mallett, Conrad Marks, Richard V. Matthaei, Fred May, John M. McClure, Sandy McGillis, John D. McGillivray, Peter McGovern, George McInnis, Frank G. McNamara, Senator Pat Meyer, Charles A. Miel, Lucas S. Milliken, William Napolitan, Joseph Nedzi, Lucien Nixon, Richard M. Oakman, Charles G. Olmstead, David Pelham, Alfred M. Perentesis, John L. Quinn, Ralph E. Ravitz, Mel Reese, Robert Remus, Gerald Reuther, Walter P. Richards, Glenn C. Ripley, Anthony Romanoff, Fred Romney, George Roselle, Robert P. Rubin, Irving J. Rutledge, Philip J. Ryan, Daniel J. Sheffield, Horace Spreen, Johannes Stecher, Walter I. Stokes, Carl Strichartz, Richard Sublette, Donald J. Sullivan, Joseph B. Tindal, Robert Toohey, Robert E. Trainor, James L. Trainor, James T. Ulveling, Ralph Wagner, Robert Williams, G. Mennen Williams, Robert Woods, Willis Zechman, Manuel
Scope and Contents Series Description: Series I, General Information Files and the 1961 Mayoral Campaign: Correspondence, statements, press releases, clippings, reports, and notes of Jerome P. Cavanagh; 1961 mayoral campaign papers and a few general mayoral documents through 1970. The clippings file of Ray Girardin and some referential maps of Detroit are included. The bulk of material is comprised of reports on Detroit at the time JPC assumed office, 1962, and other items of background and general information.

Series II, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1962: Seven subseries are included: City of Detroit Departments; Mayor's Office General Files; Commissions and Committees; Reports; Ray Girardin File; Invitations, and Clippings. The material includes correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports and clippings.

Series III, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1963: The six subseries include City of Detroit Departments; Mayor's Office General File; Commissions and Committees; Reports; Invitations and Clippings on the city of Detroit for 1963. Materials include correspondence, reports, minutes, memoranda and clippings.

Series IV, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1964: This series of 1964 mayoral papers includes seven subseries: City of Detroit Departments; General File; Commissions and Committees; Reports; Invitations, Speeches and Clippings. Included are correspondence, memoranda; minutes, reports and clippings.

Series V, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1965: Included here are seven subseries: City of Detroit Departments; Mayor's Office General File; Commissions and Committees, Reports, Invitations, Speeches and Clippings. The clippings file is larger than previous ones and is divided into departments, general file and commissions. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, documents and clippings.

Series VI, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 19669: The seven subseries for this year include City of Detroit Departments; Mayor's Office General File; Commissions and Committees; Invitations; Speeches; Clippings; and Cavanagh's Political File for the 1966 Gubernatorial Campaign. This year the city departmental reports were filed with the records of each issuing agency. Other materials include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, documents and clippings.

Series VII, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1967: The eight subseries for this year include City of Detroit Departments; Mayor's Office General Files; Commissions and Committees; Reports for 1967; Invitations; Speeches; Clippings, and a subseries of material on the 1967 Detroit Riot. Papers include correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, documents and clippings.

Series VIII, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1968: The eight subseries for 1968 include City of Detroit Departments, a special Minutes File; Mayor's Office General Files, Commissions and Committees; Reports; Invitations; Speeches and Clippings. Materials include correspondence, documents, memoranda and reports.

Series IX, Papers of the Mayor's Office for 1969: The eight subseries for 1969 include City of Detroit Departments; Minutes; Mayor's Office General File; Commissions and Committees; Reports; Invitations; Speeches and Clippings. Correspondence, memoranda, documents, reports and clippings are among the materials.

Series X, Mayor's Development Team, 1967: The Mayor's Development Team was created by Mayor Cavanagh in August, 1967 to coordinate the city departmental activities for restoration of community services after the riot, and, as well, to effect long-range planning for city development. The committee also acted as liaison with the New Detroit Committee. Richard Strichartz was Coordinator and Fred Romanoff was Deputy Coordinator. For further papers about this Committee, see also Series XV. The Committee papers here include correspondence, reports, documents and notebooks.

Series XI, Files of John P. (Jack) Casey, Assistant to the Mayor: These files, 1961-1966, include correspondence, reports, speeches and general files on city affairs and community associations.

Series XII, Files of Sandy McClure, Special Assistant to the Mayor: This general and correspondence file, 1966-1970, includes correspondence, reports, speeches, research materials and reports. A small file of Detroit citizens hardship appeals (Boxes 552-554) will remain closed because of privacy regulations.

Series XIII, Files of Richard Strichartz, Special Assistant to the Mayor: These files include correspondence, reports, minutes, proposals for government assistance, committee papers, studies and clippings, dated 1962-1964. Material on ACT (Active Community Team), TAP (Total Action on Poverty) and youth problems is included.

Series XIV, Files of James T. Trainor, Assistant to the Mayor, 1963-69: The papers of James T. Trainor include reports, speeches, press releases , clippings, radio broadcast transcriptions of the Lou Gordon Show (inimical to Cavanagh), other materials on city disturbances and community assistance.

Series XV, Files of James L. Trainor, Assistant to the Mayor and Community Renewal Coordinator, 1965-1969: Materials here give information on city departments, relations of Detroit with the federal government and with state and county organizations. Among committee materials here are those of the Mayor's Development Team, the Mayor's Committee for Human Resources Development and New Detroit. Other subjects include housing, Detroit General Hospital and the Detroit Police Department. There are reports, notebooks, correspondence, documents, memoranda and articles on city problems.

Series XVI, Jerome P. Cavanagh Speech File, Executive Orders, Pronouncements and Directives as Mayor: These are the official documents of Cavanagh's term of office. The speeches were those set aside by the mayor as key statements. Material dates from 1962 through 1969.
Scope and Contents Part II: These papers, donated in 1980, include items not left in the official mayoral files (Part 1) as well as some earlier and later miscellaneous papers. A large quantity of brochures and printed materials are included within subject files, a few of which may be duplicated in Part 1.

Series Description: Series XVII, Jerome P. Cavanagh Personal Files, 1968-1979: Included here are general, personal and correspondence files, a later speech file, and a file on politics.

Series XVIII, Miscellaneous City and Personal File: Reports, Pamphlets, Brochures and Scrapbooks: Materials and personal memorabilia dating between 1960-1979, including personal scrapbooks and a large variety of printed city materials.

Dates

  • 1960 - 1979

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Boxes 552-554 are closed.
Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.

Extent

334.5 Linear Feet (660 MB, 3 OS, 1 book)

Abstract

The papers of Mr. Cavanagh, mayor of Detroit from 1962 to 1970. They include correspondence, reports, studies, speeches, minutes, and other materials of the mayor's office and commissions and departments of the city. Efforts, both local and national, in improving economic and racial conditions in Detroit are recorded in the collection. Subjects of interest include 1967 Detroit riot; Detroit Police Dept.; urban redevelopment programs; Detroit and Michigan politics; New Detroit, Inc.; poverty programs; housing; civil disorders and police problems; and all aspects of the urban complex. Smaller groups within the collection are the files of James L. Trainor, Fred Romanoff, Richard Strichartz, Jack Casey, and Sandra McClure, all members of the mayor's staff. Correspondents are government officials on every level: U .S. presidents, vice presidents, senators, congressmen, state officials, mayors of other cities, and other prominent public figures.

History

Jerome P. Cavanagh (1928 1979) was mayor of the city of Detroit from 1962 until 1970. Born in Detroit on June 16, 1928, Cavanagh was one of six children born to Irish immigrant parents. His father was a worker at Ford Motor Company's Rouge plant. He was brought up in Detroit's Grand River Livernois neighborhood and attended Detroit schools. He graduated from St. Cecelia's parish high school in 1946, from the University of Detroit, where he majored in political science, in 1950 and with an LLB from the University of Detroit Law School in 1954.

Cavanagh practiced law in Detroit from 1955 to 1962; he was a member of the law firm of Sullivan, Romanoff, Cavanagh and Nelson. His only governmental service before becoming mayor was as a member of the Wayne County Board of Supervisors and the Detroit Metropolitan Airport Board of Zoning Appeals, but he had for years been active in politics. In 1949 and 1950 he served as chairman of the Wayne County Young Democrats and on several occasions as a delegate to county, state and national Democratic conventions.

At age 33 Cavanagh won an upset victory over incumbent Mayor Louis C. Miriani and became one of the country's youngest big city mayors. He won a second four-year term in 1966 by an overwhelming majority. He was unsuccessful, however, in his 1970 race for the Democratic Senatorial nomination and in a 1974 race for the office of Governor of Michigan.

During his eight years as Mayor of Detroit, Cavanagh was nationally recognized as an outstanding urban leader. In 1966 he became the first person ever to serve simultaneously as president of the nation's two leading organizations of municipal officials, the National League of Cities and the U.S. Conference of Mayors.

In 1963 the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce honored Cavanagh as one of the country's ten "Outstanding Young Men." Life magazine named him as one of the 100 most important young men in the country, part of the "take over" generation. Newsweek named him urban America's "most articulate spokesman" in 1967.

Cavanagh was mayor during the Detroit riot of 1967. He worked to rebuild the city, obtaining federal assistance and positioning Detroit as the first Demonstration City of the federal Model Cities Program he helped formulate.

Cavanagh's accomplishments as mayor of Detroit were numerous. They included the definition of urban problems as a national problem. After the riot he established the New Detroit Committee to help reshape the city. He also set up the Mayor's Development Team, an attempt to make municipal government more responsive to the people's needs. Two of his most controversial efforts were the establishment of the Tactical Mobile Units in the Police Department and the implementing of strong measures for a better racial balance in the Police Department.

He also installed new management techniques, accelerating the conversion to computer systems, expanded and instituted programs for senior citizens, modernized the water system and updated the Detroit City Airport. He expanded the Cultural Center by implementing federal grants for additions to the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Main Library and the Historical Museum as part of a new master plan for a 200 acre cultural complex and he originated numerous summer activities throughout the city, with emphasis on special events to attract people to the downtown area.

Cavanagh stimulated an unprecedented convention boom in Detroit by correcting major flaws in the operation of Cobo Hall, the city's convention facility; he expanded the city's tax base by successfully proposing a city income tax; he launched the Urban Corps program of placing college students in special municipal assignments; and he initiated job programs for the hard core unemployed and for city youth from underprivileged families. His interest in laboring people was evidenced in his official support of the United Farm Workers' national grape boycott. He originated the family community center concept, in a number of Detroit neighborhoods.

President John F. Kennedy appointed Cavanagh to The National Advisory Committee on Area Redevelopment in 1962. After the Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964, Cavanagh was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson to the National Citizen's Committee for Community Relations. In 1964 he was named to serve on a presidential panel preparing legislative recommendations to meet the needs of metropolitan areas.

Other appointments included: Special Advisory Commission to President Johnson on Manpower Problems; Advisory Committee to President Johnson on the Youth Opportunity Program; Public Official Advisory Council for the Office of Economic Opportunity; and Governor's Special Commission on Urban Problems.

Cavanagh helped to establish the National Urban Coalition. He served as Chairman of the Citizen's Advisory Committee for Wayne County Community College. He was Crusade Chairman of the Michigan Division of the American Cancer Society for 1972. Cavanagh also served on the Board of Directors of the Sickle Cell Detection and Information Program, on the Board of Directors of the Detroit Chapter of the American Red Cross, and on the Advisory Board of the United Foundation. He was also one of the first ten Americans selected as an Honorary Fellow of the Kennedy Institute at Harvard University

Cavanagh married Mary Helen Martin in 1952, and with her had eight children: Mark, Patrick, David, Mary Therese, Christopher, Philip, Jerome Celestin, and Elizabeth Angela. The Cavanaghs separated in 1968, while he was Mayor, then divorced. In 1973, Cavanagh married Kathleen Disser, and there was another child, Katie. He remained close to all his children (many of whom lived with him) until his death.

After his term of office as Mayor he worked for the law firm of Cavanagh and Toohey. He taught at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, where he then made his home, as Professor of Public Policy. He also was President of Urban Synergistics, Inc., an urban consulting firm which he formed with former Mayor of New York City, Robert F. Wagner, Jr. Cavanagh died at the age of 51 on November 27, 1979.

Arrangement

Part 1: Arranged in 16 series - Series 1 (Boxes 1-15), Series 2 (Boxes 16-78), Series 3 (Boxes 79-131), Series 4 (Boxes 132-204), Series 5 (Boxes 205-264), Series 6 (Boxes 265-329), Series 7 (Boxes 330-399), Series 8 (Boxes 400-468), Series 9 (Boxes 469-528), Series 10 (Boxes 529-535), Series 11 (Boxes 536-542), Series 12 (Boxes 543-546), Series 13 (Boxes 555-558), Series 14 (Boxes 559-563), Series 15 (Boxes 564-589), and Series 16 (Boxes 590-603). See individual series for arrangement.

Series 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are further divided into 7 subseries each.

Series 3 is further divided into 6 subseries.

Series 7, 8, and 9 are further divided into 8 subseries each.

Series 13 and 15 are further divided into 3 subseries each.

Series 17 is further divided into 4 subseries.
Part II: Arranged in 2 series- Series 18 (Boxes 604-651), and Series 19 (Boxes 652-663). See individual series for arrangement.

Acquisition

The papers of Jerome P. Cavanagh were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs between 1970 and 1982 by Mr. Cavanagh and his widow, Kathleen McGauley.

Transfers

Included in the Cavanagh Collection are some materials which were separated from the papers and placed in the Archives Library and the Audiovisual Department. Material in the Library includes issues of various municipal magazines, eleven volumes of Corporation Counsel opinions, six volumes of minutes of the Detroit Board of Education, and over fifty books. Audiovisual materials included four cartons of movie film, video tapes and audio cassette tapes, twelve framed portraits, memorabilia, and nine boxes of photographs. Please consult those departments for their use and description.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in 1999.
Title
Guide to the Jerome P. Cavanagh Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P Reuther Library.
Date
1999
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA