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Franz E. Daniel Papers

Identifier: LP000600

Scope and Content

The papers of Mr. Daniel reflect his work with various union organizations, his family affairs, and his active involvement in community affairs.

Important subjects covered in the collection are: Alcoholism and labor Amalgamated Clothing Workers, 1936-1943 Gaffney Strike, 1947 Highlander Folk School, 1936-1942 Labor and education Labor and politics Missouri politics, 1966-1976 National Youth Administration for Pennsylvania, 1937-1941 Organizing black workers in the South Organizing the migrant worker Organizing Southern textile mills, 1941-1943 Red Cross in World War II Springfield (Missouri) Public Utilities Strike, 1975 UMW and CIO conflicts, 1943 Union raiding Vietnam draft resisters Women in the labor movement

Important correspondents in the collection include: John Bailey Andrew J. Biemiller Staunton Calvert Jacob Clayman Nelson H. Cruikshank Berthe Daniel George H. Daniel Josephine Landes Ney Daniel Margaret Daniel Thomas F. Eagleton Elizabeth Day Hawes William E. Hearnes John Herling

Series 1, Boxes 1-4: Correspondence, clippings and miscellaneous papers of the Daniel family. All correspondence is arranged chronologically. Primarily personal in nature, but the files of George H. Daniel deal with early Missouri politics; Berthe Daniel's files deal with the National Youth Administration of Pennsylvania and the Highlander Folk School; Margaret Daniel's files deal with the Red Cross in India and Burma in World War II; Elizabeth Day Hawes' files of 1942-1943 deal with organizing in the South for the Textile Workers Union; and of particular interest are the letters of Mr. Daniel to his family.

Series 2, Boxes 5-8, 4 oversized folders: Correspondence, speeches, various writings, news clippings, pam-phlets, reports and newspapers dealing with Mr. Daniel's union activity and covers the period from 1936 to 1948, 1963 to 1969. There is a gap of material from 1949 to 1962.

Series 3, Boxes 9-13: The personal files of Mr. Daniel cover his wide range of activities including his service on the Springfield Public Utilities Commis¬sion, work with the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, the Alco¬holics Anonymous, the Missouri State Democratic Committee, and his book reviews for the Springfield News and Leader. His files include correspondence, speeches, articles news clippings and a variety of pamphlets.
Part 2

Series 4, Daniel Family Correspondence, 1890-1976, Boxes 13-14: Correspondence between members of Mr. Daniel's family including his wife, parents and sisters. Also included are clippings and other items concerning the Daniel and Landes families.

Series 5, Franz Daniel Correspondence, c.1914-1976, Boxes 14-15: Correspondence from Mr. Daniel to various members of his family including his mother and sisters. Also included is correspondence with Newman Jeffrey, and correspondence of Mr. Daniel collected by Mr. Jeffrey from other individuals.

Series 6, Franz Daniel Speeches and Writings, 1966-1976, Box 15: Book reviews written by Mr. Daniel between 1967 and 1975 for the Springfield News and Leader. Also included are sermons, speeches and other writings by Mr. Daniel for the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, Alcoholics Anonymous and other organizations from 1966 to 1975.

Series 7, Franz Daniel Biographical and Memorial Material, 1943, 1976, Box 15: Clippings, correspondence, speeches and other material concerning the memorial service and other tributes to Mr. Daniel following his death in 1976. Also included is material concerning the 1943 assault on Mr. Daniel in LaFollette, Tennessee.


  • 1890 - 1976
  • Majority of material found within 1936 - 1948
  • Majority of material found within 1963 - 1976


Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.


Collection is open for research.
Researchers must make an appointment with the AV Department to listen to the audio recording.


Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.


Franz E. Daniel was born in Osceola, Missouri, on April 4, 1904. After an education in the Springfield, Missouri public schools, Mr. Daniel received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1925, and then attended the Union Theological Seminary for three years. In August of 1930, Mr. Daniel left school and became an organizer for the Socialist Party in Philadelphia.

In January of 1933, Mr. Daniel became an organizer for the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, and organized workers in the steel, auto, and rubber industries. He served as assistant director of the Textile Workers Organizing Committee in the South from 1936 to 1943. After breaking away from the CIO, the United Mine Workers began raiding other unions. In March of 1943, Mr. Daniel was dispatched to LaFollette, Tennessee to persuade clothing workers to remain with the CIO rather than affiliating with the United Mine Workers's District 50 "catch-all unit." He was beaten and shot, but escaped injury when his wallet stuffed with news clippings deflected the bullet.

From June 1943 to 1945, Mr. Daniel served as a representative on the United Labor Committee, and was active in a number of political campaigns on behalf of the Political Action Committee of the CIO. In 1945, he acted as Washington representative of the Industrial Committee of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers. Daniel served as a regional director for the CIO, first in South Carolina, 1946-1947; then North Carolina, 1947-1950; and finally the Rocky Mountain States, 1950-1953. From 1954 to 1955, he held the position of assistant to Walter Reuther, President of the CIO. From 1955 to 1963, Mr. Daniel served as Assistant Director of Organization for the AFL-CIO, and then representative to the Industrial Union Department of the AFL-CIO, from 1964 to 1969. Mr. Daniel retired after thirty-six years of service, in May of 1969.

In 1966, Mr. Daniel returned to Springfield, Missouri, and became involved in establishing a Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, active in the Missouri Democratic Party, and began writing book reviews for the Springfield News and Leader, 1967-1975. After his retirement, Mr. Daniel served as a member of the State Democratic Committee, 1970-1973; a director of the Springfield Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, 1969-1976; board member of the Public Utilities Commission of Springfield, 1972-1976; President of the Greater Ozarks Zoological Society, 1974-1976; President of the Civil War Roundtable of the Ozarks, 1972-1976; and was active in the University Club of Springfield, 1972-1976. Daniel was a reformed alcoholic and became extremely active in Alcoholics Anonymous, speaking to groups across the country, 1966-1976.

Mr. Daniel married Elizabeth Day Hawes on November 6, 1934. She also was an organizer for the Textile Workers Union in the South in the 1930s and 1940s. They were the parents of three sons: George, James and John. George died on November 5, 1946, at the age of three. Mr. Daniel and Ms. Hawes separated in 1965. Mr. Daniel died August 19, 1976, in Springfield.


8.25 Linear Feet ((15 MB, 4 OS, 1 folder, 1 reel).) : Includes photographic prints and an audio tape recording.


Franz E. Daniel was involved in the organizing efforts and political actions of several unions, such as the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, the Congress of International Organizations (CIO), and the AFL-CIO. He served as assistant to then CIO President, Walter Reuther, from 1954-1955. Prior to his union involvement, he was an organizer for the Socialist Party and during the later years of his 36 years of union service and into retirement, he again became involved in local politics.The papers of Mr. Daniel reflect his work with various union organizations, his family affairs, and his active involvement in community affairs.

Arrangement of the Papers

The Franz E. Daniel Papers are organized into two parts and consist of 15 manuscript boxes and 4 oversized folders.

Part 1 includes Series 1, Series 2, and Series 3. Series 1 includes Boxes 1-4. Series 2 includes Boxes 5-8 and 4 oversized folders. Series 3 includes Boxes 9-13.

Part 2 includes Series 4, Series 5, Series 6, and Series 7. Series 4 includes Boxes 13-14. Series 5 includes Boxes 14-15. Series 6 includes Box 15. Series 7 includes Box 15, 1 folder, and 1 reel.


The papers of Franz E. Daniel were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in September of 1976 by members of the Daniel Family and were opened for research in April of 1977. Additional papers were deposited by Newman Jeffrey in May of 1983 and were opened for research in July of 1986. Audio tape recording, transcript, and photos from Daniels' memorial service were donated in 1988 and added to the collection.


A number of personal photographs and a tape of the Memorial Service held on September 29, 1976, in Washington, D.C. have been placed in the Archives Audiovisual Collections. A few pamphlets not directly related to Mr. Daniel's union activities have been placed in the Archives Library.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Guide to the Franz E. Daniel Papers
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library; encoded by Caitlin Brennecke.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA