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Edward A. Wieck Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP000089
The Wieck Collection contains many original documents relating to the early attempts to unionize the coal mining industry. Among these papers are circulars, membership lists and letters of the Knights of Labor and the Progressive Miners of America. The bulk of the collection, including clippings, interviews, correspondence and proceedings, is concerned with the coal mining industry and the history of the miners' unions. Items relating to T. L. Lewis, John Mitchell and John L. Lewis make up part of this mining material. In addition to the coal mining material, there are items on union activity in the automobile, steel and other industries. There is also extensive material on government agencies in the labor field.

Important correspondents in the collection:

Louis Brandeis James B. Carey Samuel Gompers Max Lerner John L. Lewis T. L. Lewis Robert M. Lovett H. L. Mencken Theodore Roosevelt Oswald Garrison Villard

Important subjects in the collection:

Automobile industry workers--Michigan Coal mines and mining--Safety measures Coal mines and mining--United States Knights of Labor Progressive Miners of America Russell Sage Foundation Steel Workers Organizing Committee United Mine Workers of America

Series Description Part 1 Series I, Original Union Documents, Boxes 1-3: Handbills, correspondence, proceedings, etc. relating to the early history of miners' unions and the Knights of Labor collected and cataloged by Mr. Wieck. Also included are minutes of the UMWA executive board and Dodge Main plant Work Council.

Series II, Reports and Articles by Edward Wieck, Boxes 4-6 Published works by Wieck and reports prepared for the Russell Sage Foundation. Files are arranged alphabetically by title.

Series III, Office File, Boxes 7-9 A wide variety of material, including correspondence, AFL and CIO convention reports and reports covering labor conditions in various industries and governmental activities in t he labor field. Files are arranged alphabetically.

Series IV, Auto Industry/UAW and Steel Industry/Steel Workers Union, Box 10: Correspondence, interviews, minutes, reports, etc., including extensive material on the sit-down strikes of 1937 as well as notes on the Steel Workers Organizing Committee and steel production. Files are arranged alphabetically by subject or correspondent.

Series V, Mining, Boxes 11-18: Correspondence, clippings, reports, notes, interviews, etc. on coal mining and coal miners' unions, including UMWA convention material and histories of the miners' unions. Files are arranged alphabetically by subject or correspondent.

Part 2

Box 19 Correspondence from Edward Wieck to his son, David Thoreau Wieck, 1943-46

Dates

  • 1886 - 1953

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.

Extent

9 Linear Feet (19 MB)

Abstract

Papers of a one-time coal miner and miners' union officer. In his later years, Mr. Wieck was a research associate in the Department of Industrial Studies of the Russell Sage Foundation. The author of several articles and books mainly concerned with coal mining, Mr. Wieck also wrote reports on the automobile, rubber, and steel industries under the NRA. His research materials form part of this collection. Handbills, correspondence, proceedings, and clippings document the attempt to organize coal miners from the time of the Knights of Labor to the days of John L. Lewis. There are many items pertaining to the American Miners' Association. Among the correspondents are Louis Brandeis, James Carey, Samuel Gompers, Max Lerner, John L. Lewis, T.L. Lewis, Robert M. Lovett, H.I. Mencken, Theodore Roosevelt, and Oswald Garrison Villard.

History

Edward Wieck was born in Staunton, Illinois on October 15, 1884. After receiving his education in the public schools of Staunton, Wieck went to work in the coal mines of Illinois at the age of 19. He was employed as a miner in Illinois and the western United States until 1928, except for two short periods: from 1905 to 1906 Wieck served as a mine payroll and billing clerk and he spent 1915 to 1916 as assistant secretary-treasurer of District 12 (Illinois) of the United Mine Workers of America. Wieck held the position of secretary-manager of the Illinois Coal Sales Association, a statewide organization promoting the sale of Illinois coal, from 1928 to 1930.

From the time he became a miner, Wieck was active in miners' unions. He served as pit committeeman and held offices in locals of the United Mine Workers of America. Wieck attended several district and international conventions of the United Mine Workers as a delegate. In 1925 John L. Lewis named Wieck as an official guide and interpreter for a party of German mine union officials visiting the United States.

In January of 1934 Wieck was appointed Research Associate in the Department of Industrial Studies of the Russell Sage Foundation. While with the Sage Foundation, Wieck compiled many reports on labor and industry, particularly in the field of coal mining. In 1948 the Department of Industrial Studies was disbanded and Wieck retired.

Arrangement

Part 1 Arranged in 5 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-3), Series 2 (Boxes 4-6), Series 3 (Boxes 7-9), Series 4 (Box 10), and Series 5 (Boxes 11-18). Folders are arranged alphabetically.

Acquisition

The papers of Edward A. Wieck were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in February of 1964 by his widow, Agnes Burns Wieck, and opened for research in June of 1965. In November of 1992 David Thoreau Wieck placed correspondence he received from his father while imprisoned as a conscientious objector during World War II in the Archives, which was opened for research in October of 2004.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in June, 1965 and revised in October, 2004.
Title
Guide to the Edward A. Wieck Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Date
1964-02
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Revision Statements

  • 2004-10: Additional materials added.

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA