Skip to main content

Stanton and Nancy Smith Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP000544
The papers of Nancy and Stanton Smith reflect the dissension within the AFT in the late 1930s and early 1940s and the move to oust communists from the union.

Important subjects covered in the collection are: Communism in the AFT Investigations and hearings of Locals 5, 537 and 192

Among the important correspondents are: John Fewkes Mary Herrick Irvin R. Kuenzli Mary McGough Frederick W. Ringdahl

Series Description: Series I, Charter Revocation of Locals 5, 537, 192 Correspondence, transcripts of records, notes, and reports relating to the revocation of the charters of Locals 5, 537, and 192. There are also voting talley cards which were used to "get out the vote" for the passage of the 1941 referendum.

Dates

  • 1938 - 1942

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.

Extent

1 Linear Feet (2 MB)

Abstract

Stanton Smith served as Vice-President of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and as president of AFT Local 246, Chattanooga. Mr. Smith played a prominent role in the investigation and hearings of AFT locals charged with communist affiliations. Also a member of AFT local 246, Nancy Smith served on the Nominations and Elections Committee to the 23rd Annual Convention and was an active advocate for passing the referendum to revoke the charters of communist affiliated locals. The papers of Nancy and Stanton Smith reflect the dissension within the AFT in the 1930’s and 1940’s and the move to oust communists from the union.

History

Mr. and Mrs. Smith were members of the American Federation of Teachers, Local 246 Chattanooga, during the 1930s and were active nationally in the move to revoke the charters of Local 5 and 537 in New York City and Local 192 in Philadelphia which were charged with being communist dominated. Stanton E. Smith was born August 29, 1905 in Wyoming, Ohio, graduated from McCallie School, Chattanooga in 1924 and attended Denison University in Ohio where he received his B.A. in 1930. He became a classroom teacher of mathematics at Chattanooga High School and in 1932 organized Local 246, serving as president from 1932-39. He was a Trustee of the Central Labor Union from 1937-40 and in 1937 became a Vice-President of the AFT, a position he held until 1946. As Vice-President he was a member of the Executive Council and played a prominent role in the investigation and hearings of the locals in question. Nancy Lea Smith, as a teacher and member of Local 246, served on the Nominations and Elections Committee to the 23rd Annual Convention in 1939. Subsequently she actively supported and worked for the passage of the referendum which revoked the charters of Local 5, 537, and 192.

Arrangement

Arranged in 1 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-2). Files are arranged alphabetically by subject of type of material.

Acquisition

The papers of Stanton and Nancy Smith were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs by Mr. and Mrs. Smith in November of 1972 and were opened for research in July of 1983.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in July, 1983.
Title
Guide to the Stanton and Nancy Smith Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Date
1983-07
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA