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Wayne State University: The South End Newspapers Photographs

 Collection
Identifier: WSAV002779
The Wayne State University: The South End Newspapers Photographs consist of two series that reflect different periods in the paper's life - "The Daily Collegian" and "The South End."
Series 1: The Daily Collegian, 1950-1960 Negatives and Slides

Images focus mainly on student life, including sporting events and athletes, fraternity and sorority happenings, theater productions, homecoming, the campus Air Force ROTC, and other campus activities. During this time, the paper also covered local news and entertainment and sporting events. The early 1950s also saw the paper reporting on issues surrounding the House Un-American Activities Committee as well as other national and international stories.

Series 2: The South End, 1970-1990 Prints

"The South End’s" character was much different during this period. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the paper embraced what some considered a less journalistic platform. The reporting was more opinionated and did not necessarily reflect the activities occurring on campus. There was near constant friction between "The South End" editors and staff and the administration during the early 1970s. Certain events still caused controversy for the paper into the 1980s, but the bulk of its coverage turned back towards the campus and student activities. Images in this series include campus activities such as theater productions, rallies and protests, public safety officers, classroom scenes, and construction. Also well represented are off-campus events, people, Eastern Market, and street scenes.

Dates

  • 1950 - 1990

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research. Patrons must make an appointment with the AV Department prior to visiting.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.
For image reproduction, contact the AV Department.

Extent

6.5 Linear Feet ((5 OS, 2 MB, 1 folder, 51 envelopes).) : 4x5 negatives, photographic prints, slides, and 120mm negatives.

Abstract

"The Collegian," the student-run newspaper of Detroit Junior College at Central High, published its first edition on March 6, 1918. At first a semi-monthly paper that printed mostly literary works, by 1922 the paper had become a weekly publication and its focus shifted to news. The paper changed its name in 1924 to "The Detroit Collegian," which reflected the school’s name change to the College of the City of Detroit. The paper underwent three further name changes: in 1953, the name changed to "The Wayne Collegian"; in 1957, the name changed to "The Daily Collegian"; and finally, in 1967, the name changed to "The South End." The paper also published summer editions: "The Summer Collegian" (1943-1967) and "Summer South End" (1968-present).

The Wayne State University: The South End Newspapers Photographs consist of two series that reflect different periods in the paper's life - "The Daily Collegian" (1950-1960) and "The South End" (1970-1990).

History

Wayne State University (WSU), founded in 1868 as the Detroit Medical College, formed through the merging of six different colleges (liberal arts, education, pharmacy, engineering, medicine, and graduate studies) in 1933. In 1917 the Detroit Junior College at Central High, which would later develop into Wayne State University’s College of Liberal Arts, was formed. In the second semester of the 1917-1918 school year, the first student newspaper, "The Collegian," began with its first edition on March 6, 1918. At this time, "The Collegian" was a semi-monthly paper that printed mostly literary works. The first editors of the paper were Edward H. Lauppe and Clarence Hatch. They oversaw a staff of twelve, plus three contributors. The paper originally cost five cents. During World War I, the paper suspended operations, but began again in January 1919. By 1922, the paper had become a weekly publication. Led by faculty advisor John Wilcox (a former newsman), the paper focused more on news, and the literary content was abandoned. In 1923, the paper published the school’s first yearbook, The Green and Gold.

The paper changed its name in 1924 to "The Detroit Collegian," which reflected the school’s name change to the College of the City of Detroit. In 1926, after being censored by the assistant dean, the staff of the paper walked out and printed a short-lived rival paper called "The Trumpeter." The administration offered to allow the entire staff back, but only two columnists returned to work for "The Detroit Collegian." From 1929 to 1936, the paper was published twice weekly, although publication was irregular during 1932-1933 because of the Depression. After 1936, the paper was published three times a week. From September through December of 1946, the paper came out four times a week, until the format changed again and the paper was officially a daily. The paper also published summer editions: "The Summer Collegian" (1943-1967) and "Summer South End" (1968-present).

The paper underwent three further name changes. In 1953, the name changed from "The Detroit Collegian" to "The Wayne Collegian." In 1957, the name was again changed to "The Daily Collegian." Finally, in 1967, the paper changed its name for the last time to "The South End." This name change reflected the physical location of the newspaper’s offices, but also ushered in a more radical and controversial time for the paper.

Arrangement

Arranged in 2 series - Series 1 (Box 1-5, 1 Folder, 51 Envelopes), Series 2 (Box 6-7). The collection is arranged by format (negatives are further arranged by size) within each series. Series 1 is further arranged by date.

Acquisition

Transferred by South End students.

Other Copies

Select images can be found in the bound copies of "The Daily Collegian" and "The South End."

Related Materials

Wayne State University The Daily Collegian Newspapers, Wayne State University The South End Newspapers, Wayne State University Division of Student Personnel: The Collegian Office Records

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Laura Kennedy on December 4, 2017. Edited by Deborah Rice on January 5, 2018.
Title
Guide to the Wayne State University The South End Newspapers Photographs
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Laura Kennedy.
Date
2017-12-04
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA