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Phillips Garman Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP000537
The papers reveal the part played by the A.F. of L. in the organ-ization of the unskilled industrial workers, particularly the auto workers, from 1934-1936. They reflect Mr. Garman's position as research director for the International Printing Pressmen's and Assistant's Union and his position in the government on the National Wage Stabilization Board.

Series 1: The A.F. of L. in the Auto Industry, 1934-1937 Contains correspondence, clippings, and other materials relating to the A.F. of L., its rela¬tions with the auto workers unions and information on the strikes staged by the Federal Labor Unions affiliated with the A.F. of L. Contains some information on the formation of the C.I.O. and numerous clippings on the Flint Sit-Downs. There is much material on the Auto Labor Board, various auto industry studies, and background information on company sponsored unions and samples of company newspapers.

Series 2: International Print Pressman's and Assistant's Union, 1907-1941 Contains correspondence and other material reflecting Garman's position as research director of the International Printing Pressmen's and Assistant's Union. Contains background and statistical information on the newspaper and publishing industries, and the paper box industries. Contains specific information on the International Printing Pressmen's and Assistant's Union, its history and its status until 1941.

Series 3: Post War Period and Labor, 1943-1946 Contains correspondence, clippings, and other materials relating to the Krug-Lewis Agreement and the government administration of the coal mines in 1946. Contains clippings, press releases, pamphlets, flyers, published findings of a "Fact-Finding" board on the General Motors Strike, 1945-46. Clippings, press releases and verbatim reports on the Labor-Management Conference called by President Truman in Nov. 1945. There is a series of studies of industry done by the War Production Board on Labor Management Production Committees covering the years 1943-45.

Dates

  • 1907 - 1946
  • Majority of material found within 1930 - 1946

Creator

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

3 Linear Feet (6 MB, 1 OS folder)

Abstract

Material by Mr. Garman, who worked with the AFL in 1934 and with the Department of Economics at the University of Chicago in 1936. From 1938-41 he served as director of research for the International Printing Pressmens and Assistants Union; in 1941 he became the chief of the War Production Board's industrial relations section; in June, 1945 he was appointed co-chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board. Presently, Mr. Garman is teaching at the University of Illinois. Subjects include AFL's organizing of unskilled industrial workers (1934-36), especially auto workers; auto strikes; Auto Labor Board (1934-35); company unions (1934-36); CIO formation (1934-35); union factionalism, (1934-35); GM Strike (1945-46); government administration of coal mines (1946); Labor-Management Conference called by President Truman (November, 1945); and unionization of newspaper and publishing industries (1907-42). Major correspondents are William Collins, Francis Dillon, and Leo Wolman.

History

Phillips Garman was with the A.F. of L. in 1934, and the Dept. of Economics at the University of Chicago in 1936. From 1938-41, he was the Director of Research for the International Printing Pressmen's and Assistant's Union in Pressmen's Home, Tenn. He entered government service in 1941, where he became chief of the War Production Board's industrial relations section. In June of 1945, he was appointed co-chairman of the Wage Stabilization Board, where he worked directly with W. Willard Wirtz who was chairman. Subsequently, he worked with the U.A.W. in their education department, and is now teaching at the University of Illinois.

Arrangement

Arranged in 3 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-4), Series 2 (Box 5) and Series 3 (Boxes 5-6). Folders are arranged alphabetically.

Acquisition

These materials were placed in the Archives of Labor History and Urban Affairs in February, 1972 by the International Socialists.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Title
Guide to the Phillips Garman Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
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