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ALPA Steward and Stewardess Division Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR002252
The Steward and Stewardess Division Records contains office records, correspondence, governing bodies minutes, MEC/LEC records, publications, negotiations, agreements, and constitutions and by-laws. The subjects covered include: Air Safety, Crew Complements, Uniforms, Contract Negotiations, Seniority, Negotiations, Bidding, Scheduling, Sex Discrimination, Marriage Rules, Age Discrimination, Maternity Leave, ALSSA/ALPA Dispute, Strikes, the Age 32/35 Policies, and Women’s Rights.

Series Description: Series I. Administrative Files: Office Files and Correspondence, 1949-72 (includes some MEC/LEC Minutes and ALPA/ALSSA organizing)

Series II. Governing Bodies: Board of Directors, Executive Board, Executive Council, Committees and MEC/LEC Minutes, 1958-77 Series III. Organizing and Agreements: Organizing, Negotiations, Mergers, and Agreements, 1950-72

Series IV. Audio Visual, 1970-71

Important Subjects: Age discrimination in employment—United States Air safety Airlines Collective bargaining Airlines—Employees—Labor unions Airlines Hijacking Airlines—Safety measures Airlines—Safety regulations Airlines—Strikes and lockouts Airlines—United States—Management Federal Aviation Administration Flight attendants—Labor unions—United States National Mediation Board (U. S.) National Transportation Safety Board (U. S.) Sex discrimination—United States Stewardesses, Airline Women’s rights—United States

Important Individuals: Carraro, Carol Cooper, Margie (Vice President 1966-70) Gibson, Sally Herbert, Victor Jacobson, Maggie Johns, Glyn Johnson, Judy Kidder, Deloros (Vice President 1962-66) Moon, Maxine Mott, Del O’Donnell, J. J. Peterson, Iris Pursell, Betty Quinn, Rowland Romak, Stella Ruby, Charles Rueck, Kelly (Vice President 1966-73) Sayen, Clarence Steffen, A. C. Stewart, Betty Jo Yancey, Shirley

Dates

  • 1949 - 1977
  • Majority of material found within 1960 - 1971

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

22.5 Linear Feet (22 SB, 1 MB)

Abstract

The Steward and Stewardess Division was created by the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) Board of Directors in 1960 after ALPA and the Air Line Stewards and Stewardess Association (ALSSA) separated in 1959. Following the same basic structure as ALPA, the division had its own Board of Directors, Executive Committee and Executive Board, and national officers of Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer. Initially consisting of 20 airlines and around 3,580 stewardesses, by 1969 the S&S Division represented approximately 10,000 stewardesses through Local Executive, and Master Executive Councils on each of their airlines and assisted them with negotiations, grievances, sex and age discrimination, air safety and equal employment issues. In 1973 the stewardesses signed a charter of affiliation with ALPA and formed the Association of Flight Attendants (AFA). The Steward and Stewardess Division Records contains Office Records, Correspondence, Governing Bodies Minutes, MEC/LEC Records, Publications, Negotiations, Agreements, and Constitutions and By-laws. The subjects covered include: Air Safety, Crew Complements, Organizing, Uniforms, Contract Negotiations, Seniority, Negotiations, Bidding, Scheduling, Sex Discrimination, Marriage Rules, Age Discrimination, Maternity Leave, ALSSA/ALPA Dispute, Strikes, Age 32/35 Policies, and Women’s Rights.

History

The Steward and Stewardess Division was created by the Air Line Pilots Association Board of Directors in 1960 after ALPA and the Air Line Stewards and Stewardess Association (ALSSA) separated in 1959. It followed the same basic organizational structure as ALPA. The division had its own Board of Directors, Executive Committee and Executive Board. The Vice President (who was the head of the division), Secretary and Treasurer made up the division’s national officers. It also had its own Regional Vice Presidents, Air Safety Coordinators, as well as Master Executive Councils (MEC) and Local Executive Councils (LEC) on each airline it represented. The S&S Division shared ALPA facilities, negotiators and some staff.

Previous to creating the S&S Division ALPA had sponsored ALSSA, first under a conditional charter in 1947 and then under a permanent charter in 1953. Throughout the late 1950s ALPA and Rowland Quinn, the president of ALSSA, had clashed over various control issues. ALPA claimed Quinn was not representing the stewardesses adequately and Quinn argued that ALPA was too controlling over ALSSA affairs. In 1959 ALPA revoked ALSSA’s charter and took over the leadership of the association, Quinn refused to give up control and removed ALSSA, and all its property, from ALPA. A slew of lawsuits between ALPA and ALSSA followed as well as representational battles decided by the National Mediation Board on nearly every airline as the two associations vied to represent stewardess groups. In the end ALPA created the S&S Division which initially won representation of 20 airlines and about 3, 580 stewardess, and continued to gain more airlines and stewardess throughout the 1960s. By 1970 the S&S Division of ALPA was the predominant stewardess union with over 10,000 members. In the early 1970s the union between pilots and stewardesses was beginning to show signs of strain, and in 1973 the stewardess signed an affiliate charter with ALPA and formed the Association of Flight Attendants and severed their structural ties with ALPA.

In addition to negotiating contracts and representing stewardesses in grievance cases, the S&S Division focused on women’s rights issues, particularly the stewardesses right to continue working after marrying, having children and/or reaching age 32 or 35, circumstances in which most companies forced women to retire. Safety was another major issue for the division: the members researched and brought awareness of in-cabin air safety as well as negotiating for safer scheduling and more power for stewardesses to enforce safety rules. They also fought for the right of stewardesses to contribute to decisions about uniform and appearance, to become active in the negotiating process and become more active in union affairs as they were able to remain in their career longer and create more stable membership.

Arrangement

Arranged in 4 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-10), Series 2 (Boxes 10-14), Series 3 (Boxes 14-72), and Series 4 (AV). Folders are arranged alphabetically or chronologically, depending upon the series.

Acquisition

Materials were from multiple deposits from the S&S Division, from 1971-7-1, 1971-9-30, 1972-02, 1974-2-6.

Related Materials

ALPA collections

Transfers

Box 23, which consists of two audio cassettes on the Northwest Airlines organizing, has been transferred to the Reuther’s audiovisual department.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Kathy Makas in April 2012.
Title
Guide to the ALPA Steward and Stewardess Division Records
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Kathy Makas.
Date
2012-04
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA