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Mary Heaton Vorse Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP000190
Part I: Series Description: Series 1, Manuscripts: - Books - Articles and Stories - Other Writings - Notes - Miscellaneous - Stories Written and Sold - Other Authors

Series 2, Correspondence: - Index to Correspondents - Correspondence, 1841-1966

Series 3, Daily Notes: - Daily Summaries 1918-1965 - Yearly Summaries ca. 1903-1965 - Daily Notes 1917-1965

Series 4, General Information Files

Series 5, Clippings ca. 1892-1963: - Alphabetical - Chronological - Miscellaneous

Series 6, Personal Papers: - Address and Appointment Books - Legal Papers - Financial Papers - Miscellaneous Notes - Memorabilia - Family Papers - Biographical Material - Sketches and Drawings - Miscellaneous

Series 7, Oversize

Series 8, Material received from the State Historical: Society of Wisconsin concerning strikes in Gastonia and Marion, N.C. and Elizabethon, Tennessee, 1928-1930.
Part II: Series Description: Series 9, Articles and Stories, 1705 - 1964: Manuscripts in various formats of thirty-six short stories, written by Mary Heaton Vorse between 1898 and 1918 and published in popular magazines (see also Part I, boxes 15 - 35). Manuscript fragments, work notes, and a small body of personal papers dating from 1705 - 1964 are located at the end of the series.

Series 10, Articles and Stories of Other Authors, 1892 - 1955: Manuscripts in various formats of other authors - an article by Charles Hapgood; George E. Holt's Moroccan manuscripts and stories (see also Part I, box 41); the memeographed prison letters of Kate Richards O'Hare; two articles by Rev. Albert Buel Vorse; and the articles, stories and expedition notes of Albert White Vorse (see also Part I, boxes 43 - 45). A few personal papers are also included.

Series 11, Pamphlets, 1874 - 1964: A subject file of pamphlets, brochures, flyers and other printed background materials collected by Mary Heaton Vorse. Much of it dates from the periods of World War I and World War II and was used for the writing of articles and pamphlets which Vorse did during those years (see also Part I, boxes 94 - 132). The topics of labor and foreign relations are especially well represented.

Dates

  • 1841 - 1966

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

77 Linear Feet (166 MB, 1 OS)

Abstract

Literary manuscripts and related papers, correspondence, daily notes and journals, reference and research material, notes, clippings, pamphlets, personal and family papers, and memorabilia, collected by Mrs. Vorse, writer, labor journalist, and social critic of the U.S. She also covered strikes, civil and labor disturbances, wars, revolutions, and political upheavals in other parts of the world. From the textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts (1912) to the textile strike in Henderson, North Carolina (1959), her writings and activities include the International Women Suffrage Convention (1913); the IWW; child labor; Consumers League; the organization of the Provincetown Players (1915); mining strikes in Michigan and Minnesota (1916); the rise of Hitler; invasion of Poland; postwar conditions in Europe after both world wars; the Scottsboro case; the steel strikes of 1919 and 1936-37; organizational drive of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers (1920-21); the Sacco-Vanzetti case (1920); Palmer raids and criminal syndicalist cases (1921-23); textile strikes in Passaie (1926) and Gastonia (1929); Farmers Holiday Association (1932); migrant workers; automobile sit-down strikes (1936-37); UNRRA (1945-47); the Sinarquistas in Mexico (1949); crime on the New York-New Jersey waterfronts (1950-54). Correspondents include John Dewey, John DosPassos, Dave Dubinsky, John Edelman, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, William 2. Foster, John F. Kennedy, John L. Lewis, Sinclair Lewis, Robert E. Peary, Walter Reuther, Theodore Roosevelt, Lincoln Steffens, and many other prominent persons in the labor, literary, and political fields.

History

Mary Heaton Vorse (nee Mary Marvin Heaton), author, labor journalist, and social critic, was born in New York City on October 11, 1874 and grew up in Amherst, Mass. Her parents traveled extensively in Europe and Mary received a major part of her education abroad, where she learned to speak fluent French, Italian, and German. Her early desire was to be an artist and as a young woman she spent several winters studying art in Paris.

Albert White Vorse, whom she married in 1898, died in 1910. She married Joseph O'Brien in 1912, and was widowed for the second time in 1915. She had three children: Heaton White Vorse, Mary Ellen (Vorse) Boyden, and Joel O'Brien.

From 1907 until her death in 1966 Mrs. Vorse made her home in Provincetown, Massachusetts.

Mrs. Vorse's professional writing career began when she served as a substitute book-reviewer on the Criterion, a magazine which was then being edited by her husband, Albert White Vorse. Although known in later years primarily as a labor writer and journalist, she achieved her initial success as a writer of light fiction, both short stories and novels. Her published writings include sixteen books and more than 400 articles and stories which have appeared in over 70 periodicals, including Woman's Home Companion, McCall's, Harper's, Masses, New Republic, New Yorker, McClure's, Survey, Delineator, Atlantic, and Ladies' Home Journal. In addition, she has written countless news articles and series for International News Service (INS), U.P., North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA), Labor Press Associates, Federated Press, New York Post, New York World, Washington Post, Washington News, Paris Post, and many others.

In 1962 Mrs. Vorse, along with Eleanor Roosevelt and Upton Sinclair, received the Social Justice Award from the United Automobile Workers.

On June 14, 1966 Mary Heaton Vorse died at her home in Provincetown.
A chronicle of her major activities and travels would include:
  • 1909-1910 - Morocco
  • 1910 - Campaign to reduce the infant mortality rate in New York City.
  • 1912 - Lawrence Strike. (Harper's Weekly)
  • 1913 - Morocco; Rome - Studied the Montessori Method of education; Budapest - International Woman Suffrage Convention. (Delegate and reporter); Paterson (N.J.) - Silk Strike
  • 1915 - Amsterdam. International Congress of Woman; Holland, France, Germany, Switzerland, England - War correspondent, covering the effects of war on civil populations; Provincetown - Organization of the Provincetown Players.
  • 1916 - Mining strike on the Mesabi Range. Minnesota, Michigan.
  • 1917-1918 - Articles on labor under wartime conditions. Special study of working conditions, labor unrest, living conditions, etc. in Bridgeport, Conn.;Series of pamphlets on the rights of small nations (Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia) for the Committee on Public Information.
  • 1918-1919 - Europe. England, France, Germany, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia. Publicity for the Red Cross, the Balkan Commission, and the American Relief Administration. Articles and news stories; studies of postwar conditions in industrial areas.
  • 1919 - Switzerland. Second International Socialist Conference. Steel Strike. Pittsburgh, Homestead, Braddock, etc. Wrote weekly newspaper stories and publicity releases for the Steel Workers Organizing Committee. Later wrote Men and Steel.
  • 1920 - Sacco and Vanzetti case.
  • 1920-1921 - Amalgamated Clothing Workers. Organizational drive; lock-out. Wrote series of stories.
  • 1921 - Palmer Raids.
  • 1921-1922 - Russia. Reported on living conditions, political conditions, and the effects of the famine.
  • 1922-1923 - Criminal Syndicalist cases in Michigan.
  • 1926 - Passaic (N.J.) textile strike. Wrote articles, publicity releases, news stories, and Passaic.
  • 1929 - Southern textile strikes. Later wrote Strike--A Novel of Gastonìa.
  • 1932 - Farmers Holiday Association.
  • 1933 - Scottsboro retrial. - Austria, England, Germany. The London Economic Conference. The rise of Hitler.
  • 1935-1936 - Office of Indian Affairs. Editor of Indians At Work.
  • 1936-1937 - C.I.O. organizational drives in various industries: automobile, steel, textiles, etc.
  • 1937 - Auto strikes; sit-downs. Flint, Anderson - Steel strike. Youngstown
  • 1939 - France, Germany, Yugoslavia, the invasion of Poland.
  • 1943 - Extensive travels throughout the U.S. writing about labor and the civilian population during wartime.
  • 1945-1947 - Europe. Publicity for U.N.R.R.A.; free-lance reporting. France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia
  • 1949 - Mexico. The Sinarquistas.
  • 1950 - Chrysler Strike. - White House Conference on Children and Youth.
  • 1950-1954 - New York-New Jersey waterfront. Crime and corruption on the waterfront; problems of dock workers.
  • 1959 - Henderson (N.C.) Strike.

Arrangement

Part I: Arranged in 8 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-45), Series 2 (Boxes 46-76), Series 3 (Boxes 77-93), Series 4 (Boxes 94-132), Series 5 (Boxes 133-144), Series 6 (Boxes 145-154), Series 7 (oversize), and Series 8 (Boxes 155-156). Folders are arranged alphabetically, or chronologically, depending upon the series.
Part II: Arranged in 3 series- Series 9 (Boxes 157-158), Series 10 (Boxes 158-159), and Series 11 (Boxes 160-166). Folders are arranged alpahabetically by author or topic.

Acquisition

The papers of Mary Heaton Vorse were deposited with the Archives of Labor History and Urban Affairs in December, 1966 by her children Heaton Vorse, Mary Ellen Boyden, and Joel O'Brien.

Other Copies

Some collection content in series 2, 3, 4, and 6 (boxes 63-82, 84-107, 114, 116, 117, 128, 130, 145, 146, 150, 151, 153, and 154) (1918-1966, undated) is available on 12 reels of microfilm: correspondence, journal notes, general information files, and personal papers. Arrangement corresponds with the physical arrangement of the papers.

Subjects in correspondence

  • Jane Addams 1915
  • Agricultural workers 1937
  • All-Russian Conference of Soviet Writers 1933
  • American Relief Administration 1919
  • Anarchists 1914
  • Sherwood Anderson 1938
  • Anderson (Ind.) sit-down strike 1937
  • anti-Communism 1950s
  • anti-war movement 1914
  • Balkan Commission 1918-1919
  • Berber Wars in Morocco 1913
  • British Socialist Party 1913
  • British trade unionism 1919
  • CIO 1938, 1948, Convention 1941
  • CIO Southern organizational drive 1949
  • Canning industry 1934
  • Censorship 1943
  • Whittaker Chambers 1950s
  • Chicago Memorial Day Massacre 1937
  • Chrysler Strike 1937; 1950
  • Citrus Workers Union 1934
  • Civil Works Administration 1934
  • Colorado mining strike 1914
  • Consumer's League 1952, 1954
  • Judith Coplon trial 1949-1951
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Eugene Debs 1948
  • De Gaulle 1958
  • Detroit 1937, 1938, 1949-1950
  • Dollfuss 1933
  • Max Eastman 1944
  • effects of strikes on women 1937
  • Eisenhower 1958
  • Fair Employment Practices Commission 1943
  • Federal Writers Project 1938
  • Flint sit-down strike 1937
  • Elizabeth Gurley Flynn 1957
  • France 1958
  • Gastonia (N.C.) textile strike 1929
  • Germany 1933, 1939, 1946-1947
  • Greece
  • I.W.W. 1914, 1921
  • Indians 1935-1937
  • International Labor Defense 1937
  • International Woodworkers of America 1937
  • International Workers Defence Conference 1914
  • International Workers Defense League 1920
  • investigations of radicals, communists 1950s
  • Italy 1946
  • Labor's Non-Partisan League 1937
  • Lawrence (Mass.) strike 1912, 1919, 1931
  • Sinclair Lewis 1938
  • "Living Newspaper" (Flint 1937) 1963
  • London Economic Conference 1933
  • Senator Joe McCarthy 1950s
  • Masses 1912, 1916
  • Memorial Day Massacre, Chicago 1937
  • Mexico 1949
  • migrant labor 1952, 1957
  • mining strike, Mesabi range 1916
  • mining strike, W. Virginia 1920
  • Montessori method of education 1913, 1914
  • Tom Mooney defense 1921
  • NLRB 1937
  • NRA 1934-1936
  • National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners 1932, 1937
  • National Committee for Organizing Iron and Steel Workers 1919
  • National Education Association 1937
  • National Youth Administration Conference 1940
  • Office of War Information 1940, 1944
  • Office of War Production 1943
  • Palmer raids 1920
  • Passaic (N.J.) strike 1926
  • Paterson (N.J.) silk strike 1913
  • Provincetown Players (1915-1929) 1962, 196
  • pure foods campaign 1912
  • radical press 1912
  • Red Cross 1918-1919
  • Russia 1916-1917, 1921, 1933
  • Russian famine 1921-1922
  • Rubber Workers 1938
  • Sacco and Vanzetti 1926
  • Scottsboro Case 1933
  • Smith Act, trials of Communists 1950s
  • Socialist Party 1913
  • steel industry 1952
  • steel strike 1919
  • Steel Workers Organizing Committee 1937
  • Wilbur Daniel Steele 1938
  • Teamster's 1954-1956
  • Textile Workers Organizing Committee 1937, 1939
  • Twilight Sleep 1915
  • UAW 1937, 1951, 1954
  • UNRRA 1946, 1947
  • USO 1942
  • Unemployment demonstrations 1914
  • United Front Committee of Textile Workers 1926
  • WPA 1938
  • war production 1943, 1944
  • waterfront - N.Y., N.J. 1952-1956
  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom 1936
  • Women's suffrage and women's rights 1913, 1915
  • Workers' Defense Conference 1920
  • Workers Party 1928, 1930
  • World Economic Conference, London 1933
  • Writers' War Board 1943
  • Youngstown steel strike 1937
Subjects in general information
  • AFL Conventions 1936, 1952
  • Jane Addams 1915
  • Amalgamated Clothing Workers 1920-1922
  • American Labor Party 1937
  • American Relief Administration 1919
  • Anderson (Ind.) sit-down strike 1937
  • Associated Countrywomen of the World 1936
  • Atlanta auto workers strike 1937
  • Auto Workers Union 1934
  • Ella Reeve Bloor
  • CIO Convention 1937
  • Child Labor
  • Chrysler Strike 1937; 1950
  • Count Ciano/von Ribbentrop Conference 1939
  • Colorado mining strike 1914
  • Committee on Public Information 1917-1918
  • Consumer's League 1952, 1954
  • Father Corridan, "waterfront priest"
  • Crime on the waterfront 1950s
  • Criminal syndicalist laws
  • Detroit 1937, 1938, 1949-1950
  • Detroit race riots 1943
  • Europe (see also specific countries) 1915,1918-1919, 1938-1941, 1945
  • farmers and farm workers 1932, 1937
  • Farmers Holiday Association 1932
  • Federal Emergency Relief and Civil Works Administration
  • Federal Theatre Project 1936
  • Flint sit-down strike 1937
  • Gastonia (N.C.) textile strike 1929
  • Germany rise of Hitler 1933
  • Germany Sudetenland 1939
  • Germany invasion of Poland 1939
  • Germany postwar conditions; military government, trade unions, juvenile POW's 1946-1947
  • Harlan County, Ky. mining strike
  • Henderson (N.C.) strike 1959
  • Highland Folk School
  • I.W.W. 1914, 1921
  • infant mortality
  • International Congress of Women 1915, 1919
  • Mother Jones
  • labor during wartime
  • labor organizing in the South 1950
  • La Follette Committee 1937
  • League for Industrial Democracy 1921, 1930
  • Lenin 1921
  • living and working conditions during WWII
  • London Economic Conference 1933
  • President Macek, Yugoslavia 1939
  • Mechanics Educational Society of America
  • Mexico 1949
  • migrant labor 1952, 1957
  • mining strike, Mesabi range 1916
  • Montessori method of education 1913, 1914
  • Morristown (Tenn.) textile strike 1950
  • NLRB 1937
  • NRA 1934-1936
  • National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners 1932, 1937
  • National Convention Against Unemployment 1934
  • New England textile strikes 1922
  • New York-New Jersey waterfront crime hearings 1951-1955
  • old-age
  • open shop
  • Passaic (N.J.) strike 1926
  • Poland 1939
  • Politburo meeting on Trade Unions 1921
  • postwar conditions in Germany, Italy, France, Greece
  • Progressive Miners of America
  • Provincetown Players (1915-1929) 1962, 196
  • Diego Rivera 1949
  • Russia 1916-1917, 1921, 1933
  • Russian famine 1921-1922
  • Sacco and Vanzetti 1926
  • Scottsboro Case 1933
  • S marquis ta movement in Mexico 1949
  • steel strike 1919
  • steel strikes 1936-1937
  • Steel Workers Organizing Committee 1937
  • Teamster's 1954-1956
  • Textile Workers Organizing Committee 1937, 1939
  • UAW 1937, 1951, 1954
  • UNRRA 1946, 1947
  • United Citrus Fruit Workers
  • United Front Committee of Textile Workers 1926
  • United Textile Workers 1926-1927
  • Thorstein Veblen
  • War Labor Board 1917-1918
  • Women's International Suffrage Al1iance 1913
  • Women's suffrage and women's rights 1913, 1915
  • World Economic Conference, London 1933
  • Youngstown steel strike 1937
  • Yugoslavia 1939-1941

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by BF in 1968.
Title
Guide to the Mary Heaton Vorse Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by BF.
Date
1968
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
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