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Nat Weinberg Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP000108
Part I: Mr. Weinberg's papers reflect some aspects of his work for the UAW, particularly on the subject of the Guaranteed Annual Wage. There is also some material relating to his work for federal agencies prior to joining the UAW.

Series 1: United States Government Agencies, 1935-1946 Correspondence and reports relating to the NRA, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and War Production Board. The material deals with labor conditions and reemployment of veterans.

Series 2: UAW Research Department, 1931-1974 Correspondence, clippings, and informational materials from the UAW Research Department relating mainly to the Guaranteed Annual Wage. There are also files from the Education Department and other materials reflecting organizing efforts of the UAW.
Part II: The Weinberg papers contain correspondence, clippings, articles, reports, speeches, and research material relating mostly to his service as Director of the UAW’s Special Projects unit and his work on the UN’s study of multinational corporations in 1973-74.

Series 3: U.S. Labor, 1939-85

Series 4: U.S. Economics, 1947-1985

Series 5: International Economics and Labor, 1948-85

Series 6: Personal Files, 1940s-83

Dates

  • 1931 - 1985

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

59 Linear Feet (6 MB, 56 SB)

Abstract

Nat Weinberg worked as a teacher on Works Progress Administration (WPA) workers education projects, as a researcher for the International Ladies Garment Workers Unions, and for several federal bureaus, prior to becoming the United Auto Workers (UAW) Director of Special Projects and Economic Analysis. Mr. Weinberg pioneered the concepts of the guaranteed annual wage and supplemental unemployment benefits.

Part I: Part 1 of Mr. Weinberg’s papers primarily relate to his work for the UAW, particularly on the subject of the guaranteed annual wage, and to a lesser degree, his work for various government agencies, including the War Production Board and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, regarding labor conditions and the reemployment of veterans.

Part II: Part 2 of the Nat Weinberg Collection relates to Mr. Weinberg’s work as director of the UAW’s Special Projects unit and to his work as a consultant to the United Nations on international economics and labor. Defense conversion, Democratic Socialism, the International Metalworkers Federation, International Fair Labor Standards, multinational corporations and The National Committee on Supplies and Shortages are among important subjects addressed in the collection.

History

Part I: Nat Weinberg was born in New York City on February 15, 1914. He began work at 13 after the death of his father. He attended Brookwood Labor College in1935 and he received a B.A. from New York University in 1942.

He worked as a teacher on WPA workers education projects, and worked for several federal bureaus. He was also a researcher for the ILGWU.

In 1947 Walter Reuther who had met him through Brookwood invited him to join the UAW as Research Director. From 1947 until his retirement in 1973 Weinberg held the title of Director, Special Projects and Economic Analysis.

Weinberg originated the idea of the Guaranteed Annual Wage and of Supplemental Unemployment Benefits. Both of these concepts were formulated with the objective of motivating the automakers to schedule steady work for their workers rather than laying them off for long periods.

In 1968 he was awarded a Ford Foundation Grant to study world economic conditions for one year. He also served as a consultant for many federal and state groups. Among them were: The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the Committee on Automation and Manpower, and the National Commission on Productivity. He has been an active member of the NAACP and the ADA. He is the author of Adjusting to Technological Change and numerous articles.
Part II: In 1971 Mr. Weinberg was appointed to the Board of Directors for the Project on Corporate Responsibility. He retired from his position as Director of the UAW’s Special Projects and Economic Analysis unit in 1974, but remained active in economic and labor matters. From 1973 to 1974, he worked for the United Nations as a consultant to its Group of Eminent Persons to Study the Impact of Multinational Corporations on Development and International Relations. He also served as a consultant to Rep. Phillip Burton of California in the late 1970s on legislation for protecting loggers displaced by the expansion of Redwood National Park. Weinberg died in 1985.

Arrangement

Part I: Arranged in 2 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-2), and Series 2 (Boxes 2-6). Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Part II: Arranged in 4 series - Series 3 (Boxes 7-23), Series 4 (Boxes 23-30), Series 5 (Boxes 30-60), and Series 6(Boxes 60-62).

Acquisition

The papers of Nat Weinberg were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in May of 1964. Additional papers were placed in the Archives in early 1974. The collection was opened for research in December of 1983.

Transfers

Part I: Numerous pamphlets and books concerning labor education received with this collection are available in the Archives Library.
Part II: A large number of books and periodicals were transferred to the Archives Library and a few audio tapes were given to the Archives Audiovisual Collection.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in December, 1983.
Title
Nat Weinberg Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Date
1983-12
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA