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Michigan Federation of Teachers Records Edit

Summary

Identifier
LR000146
Finding Aid Author
Processed by PB.
Finding Aid Date
1965-10
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of Description
English

Dates

  • 1934 – 1963 (Creation)
  • 1955 – 1975 (Creation)

Extents

  • 99.5 Linear Feet (Whole)
    (32 MB, 41 SB)

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Language of Materials

    Material entirely in English.

  • Abstract

    Part I and II consists of correspondence, minutes, and reports. Subjects include Administrative Board meetings; American Federation of Teachers; conventions; Detroit Federation of Teachers; Executive Council meetings; Haven Hill conferences; legislative lobbying activities; membership campaigns; metropolitan teachers' institutes; Michigan AFL-CIO Council; Michigan Constitutional Convention (1961); teachers' salary and fringe benefits surveys; treasurer reports; White House Conference on Children and Youth (1960). Correspondents include Detroit city officials, Michigan congressmen and state officials, and national congressmen and officials including John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. Most of the letters are answers to invitations for speaking engagements. Part III deals mostly with the efforts to organize teachers during the 1960s and 1970s and dealing with the strikes that accompany labor disputes which is represented in the series Locals. There is ample amount of information about the American Federation of Teachers growth and inner workings during the 1960s and 1970s in the convention files; within these files there are not only basic convention materials but also notes from committee work and flyers from various factions within the AFT. MFT was a part of policy in education finances, assessments of teachers and teacher centers and is reflected in files dealing with the department of education and the like. Part III covers a broad range of topics with specific details on education reform in the 1970s, collective bargaining issues for teachers, political structures in Michigan and various issues on civil rights in Michigan, particularly the bussing of students. Series five contains photographs and audio recordings.

  • Acquisition

    Part I: The papers of the Michigan Federation of Teachers were deposited with the Labor History Archives in April 1965.

    Part II: The papers of the Michigan Federation of Teachers were deposited in the Labor History Archives in 1968 by Henry Linne.

    Part III: Part III is an accumulation of materials that were shipped from the 1970s through 1990s.

  • Processing History

    Part I: Processed and finding aid written by PB in October 1965.

    Part II: Part 2 processed and finding aid written by L.H.H.

    Part III: Part 3 processed and finding aid written by Daniel Golodner.

  • Access

    Collection is open for research.

  • Use

    Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

  • Citation Style

    "Michigan Federation of Teachers Records Part [#], Box [#], Folder [#], Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Wayne State University"

  • Related Materials

    Dearborn Federation of Teachers Local 681 Records; Lamphere Federation of Teachers, Local 1614; AFT Local 698 East Detroit Federation of Teachers Records; AFT Local 1052: Hamtramck Federation of Teachers Records; Arthur Elder Papers; Detroit Federation of Teachers Records; Helen Bowers Papers; Richard Reist Papers; Henry Hamilton Papers

  • History

    The Michigan Federation of Teachers (MFT) was founded in 1935 at a meeting in Ann Arbor with representatives from ten Michigan local that were all affiliated with the American Federation of Teachers. They formed a state federation to address immediately the issue of tenure for teachers in the state of Michigan. The MFT struggled to remain viable in the state over the years and when collective bargaining was allowed for public employees the MFT had to quickly find the resources and staff to organize the tens of thousands of schoolteachers. The MFT struggled to win collective bargaining elections and although gained in presence in some school districts its membership only reached 15,000 by 1970. The MFT lobbied the state legislator over state aid, especially ensuring state money went to public schools rather then public schools and teacher retirement issues. The MFT began organizing in other areas such as with paraprofessionals and higher education; nevertheless, by 1980 the MFT only increased its membership by 1,000 members and faced constant raids by the Michigan Education Association. The MFT did however begin to organize and grow in membership over the next decade become a real force in the state of Michigan.

  • Scope and Content

    These are files of the Michigan Federation of Teachers but deal also with the American Federation of Teachers and with local teachers unions, Arthur Elder is a principal correspondent in much of this material. This collection covers the period from 1930's to the 1950's.

    Important subjects are: MFT Administration Political Action Tenure State and Federal Aid School Boards'Anti-Union Bias Workers' Education

    Among the correspondents are: G. Mennen Williams; Harry F. Kelly; Eleanor Roosevelt; Ralph Bunche; Senator James Couzens; Senator Arthur Vandenberg

    Specific MFT material (Executive Board minutes, officers correspondence and financial material) will be found in boxes 5-10.

    Part II: The collection covers the period from 1951 until 1963. The records include correspondence, minutes of meetings and reports.

    Important subjects include: Administrative Board Meetings American Federation of Teachers Conventions Detroit Federation of Teachers Executive Council Meetings Haven Hill Conferences Legislative Lobbying Activities Membership Campaigns Metropolitan Teacher's Institutes Michigan AFL-CIO Council Michigan Constitutional Convention, 1961 Teacher's Salary and Fringe Benefits Surveys Treasurer's Reports White House Conference on Children and Youth, 1960

    Correspondents: Cavanagh, Jerome; Connor, Edward; Dingell, John D.; Dzendezel, Raymond D.; Edwards, George; Griffiths, Martha; Hare, JAmes M.; Hart, Philip; Humphrey, Hubert; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Kennedy, John F.; McNamara, Patrick; O'Hara, James; Rabaugh, Louis C.; Reuther, Walter; Reuther, Victor; Scholle, August; Staebler, Neil; Swainson, John B; Williams, G. Mennen

    Part III: The collection’s bulk documents the efforts to organize teachers during the 1960s and 1970s and dealing with the strikes that accompany labor disputes which is represented in the series Locals. There is ample amount of information about the American Federation of Teachers growth and inner workings during the 1960s and 1970s in the convention files; within these files there are not only basic convention materials but also notes from committee work and flyers from various factions within the AFT. MFT was a part of policy in education finances, assessments of teachers and teacher centers and is reflected in files dealing with the department of education and the like. Teacher placement files are a unique look in how African-American teachers were affected with the integration of schools in the South. The collection covers a broad range of topics with specific details on education reform in the 1970s, collective bargaining issues for teachers, political structures in Michigan and various issues on civil rights in Michigan, particularly the bussing of students. Series five contains photographs and audio recordings.

    Important Subjects: Academic Freedom Busing for school integration Community colleges Education--Finance Educational vouchers Higher Education Jewish Schools Literacy Maternity leave Michigan--Politics and government Privatization School budgets School integration--Michigan Strikes and lockouts—Teachers Students Rights Teacher Retirement Tenure Teacher-school board relationships Teachers--Certification—Michigan Vocational Education—Michigan Teacher Salaries Teacher Distribution Agency Fee Assessment Evaluations Education Accountability Staff Unions Staff Utilization

    Important Names: David Selden, Rollie Hopgood, Mary Ellen Riordan, Robert Porter, Henry Linne, Charlie Cogen, David Elsila, Archie Allen, Carl Megel, Bernard J. Fieger, John Delo, Catherine Jackson, Jessie Baxter, Jane Rehberg, Arthur Elder, A.J. Phillips, Jack Porter, Roger Tilles, Robert Trezise, Senator Philip Hart

    Abbreviations: COPE – Committee on Political Education OPEIU – Office and Professional Employees International Union MEAP – Michigan Educational Assessment Program PERA - Public Employee Relations Act

    Series Description: Series 1: AFT files, 1958-1981 Series 2: Local Files, 1943-1985 Series 3: Office Files of MFT 1934-1983 Series 4: Subject Files, 1937-1980 Series 5: Audio Visual Material

  • Arrangement

    Part I: Arranged in 1 series (Boxes 1-12). Material is arranged alphabetically by subject.

    Part II: Arranged in 1 series (Boxes 1-17), boxes restart with number 1 in Part 2. Folders are arranged alphabetically.

    Part III: Arranged in 5 series - Series 1 (Boxes 1-4), Series 2 (Boxes 5-14), Series 3 (Boxes 14-29), Series 4 (Boxes 30-41), and Series 5 (Boxes 42-44). Folders arranged alphabetically except for series 5.

Components