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Newspaper Guild Local 22: Detroit Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR000011

Scope and Content

Part I: Series Description: Series 1: Executive Board Minutes and Financial Reports Series 2: General Office Files (To 1957)
Part II: The Detroit Newspaper Guild records consist of materials related to the organization and activities of the local in Detroit. The bulk of the collection consists of papers from the daily operation of the guild, including board and general meetings, contracts, elections, bargaining and negotiations, Page One events, and locally held national conventions. Other widely covered topics include strikes and lockouts and the Joint Operations Agreement. Strike and lockout materials begin with the strike and lockout in 1962 and ending with the 1995 Detroit Newspapers strike. Joint Operations materials cover all facets of the agreement between the Detroit News and Free Press from the late 1980s.

Important Subjects: Council of Unions* Detroit Free Press Detroit News Detroit News Association* Evening News Association* Gannett Company Joint Operations Agreement* Knight-Ridder (Firm) Michigan Catholic Mellus Newspaper* NLRB Professional Association Newspaper Guild -- Conventions Newspaper Guild of Detroit Newspaper Strike, Detroit, Mich. Newspapers -- Detroit, Mich. Oakland Press* Pontiac Press* Strikes and lockouts -- Newspapers UAW Local Union Press Association (LUPA)*

Important Names: Alvah H. Chapman Jr. Peter Clark Dorn K. Dean Robert J. Hall Irvin Kreisman Donald C. Kummer Dave Lawrence Robert G. McGruder Sam McKnight Edwin Meese W. H. Mills Lou Mleczko Morton Needelman James N. Rosse Neal Shine Warren Stromberg Coleman A Young

Series Description: Series III: Joint Operation Agreement, 1975-1989 Series IV: Administrative Files, 1947-2007 Series V: Strikes and Lockouts, 1961-2000 Series VI: AV Materials, 1950s-1990s

Dates

  • 1933 - 2007

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

History

The Newspaper Guild, a national organization, initially began with the intent to be a professional organization more than a union. As such, the 1933 founders chose to call the group a “guild.” The Newspaper Guild Local 22 was an early local, established in 1934. Organizers were successful in establishing this local in Detroit by using sit-down strikes across the entire state. The Detroit Times and the Detroit Free Press were first to win bargaining recognition: The Times was first certified 1938 and the Free Press in 1939. Some members from the Detroit News enlisted but the News largely avoided organization by matching fringe and pay gains as the Times and Free Press won them through negotiations. When the Guild affiliated with the CIO in 1937, many members dropped out of the guild because they did not want to be part of a union. In the next thirty years the local saw its membership fluctuate. UAW and Michigan Catholic publishing employees swelled the ranks in the 1940s, but later the guild lost 400 members when the News bought the Times in 1959. Employees from the Pontiac Press, Royal Oak Daily Tribune, and Macomb Daily joined the guild in the 1960s and 1970s, but simultaneously Oakland Press and Mellus members left after lengthy strikes in the 1970s. The local also dealt with upheaval in the newspaper business during a downturn in the late 1980s. Most significantly, the News and Free Press filed a joint operations agreement, sharing space and equipment to ease some of the financial burden.

Extent

67.25 Linear Feet (51 MB, 32 SB)

Abstract

The Newspaper Guild, a national organization, initially began with the intent to be a professional organization more than a union. As such, the 1933 founders chose to call the group a “guild.” The Newspaper Guild Local 22 was an early local, established in 1934. Organizers were successful in establishing this local in Detroit by using sit-down strikes across the entire state. The Detroit Times and the Detroit Free Press were first to win bargaining recognition: The Times was first certified 1938 and the Free Press in 1939. Some members from the Detroit News enlisted but the News largely avoided organization by matching fringe and pay gains as the Times and Free Press won them through negotiations. When the Guild affiliated with the CIO in 1937, many members dropped out of the guild because they did not want to be part of a union. In the next thirty years the local saw its membership fluctuate. UAW and Michigan Catholic publishing employees swelled the ranks in the 1940s, but later the guild lost 400 members when the News bought the Times in 1959. Employees from the Pontiac Press, Royal Oak Daily Tribune, and Macomb Daily joined the guild in the 1960s and 1970s, but simultaneously Oakland Press and Mellus members left after lengthy strikes in the 1970s. The local also dealt with upheaval in the newspaper business during a downturn in the late 1980s. Most significantly, the News and Free Press filed a joint operations agreement, sharing space and equipment to ease some of the financial burden.

Part 1 of the Detroit Newspaper Guild papers reflect the local's activities and organization, as well as include documentation of the American Newspaper Guild.

Part 2 consist of materials related to the organization and activities of the local in Detroit. The bulk of the collection consists of papers from the daily operation of the guild, including board and general meetings, contracts, elections, bargaining and negotiations, Page One events, and locally held national conventions. Other widely covered topics include strikes and lockouts and the Joint Operations Agreement. Strike and lockout materials begin with the strike and lockout in 1962 and ending with the 1995 Detroit Newspapers strike. Joint Operations materials cover all facets of the agreement between the Detroit News and Free Press from the late 1980s.

Arrangement

Part I: Arranged in 2 series - Series 1 (Boxes 1-5), and Series 2 (Boxes 1-45) (box numbering restarts in series 2). Folders are arranged by subject and then chronologically thereunder.
Part II: Arranged in 4 series – Series 3 (Boxes 56-53), Series 4 (Boxes 54-73), Series 5 (Boxes 73-77), and Series 5 (Boxes 78-79). Folders in each series are simply listed by their location within each box. They are not arranged, so any given subject may be dispersed throughout several boxes within each series.

Acquisition

Part II: Materials were deposited at the Reuther between 1973–2007.

Related Materials

Newspaper Guild Records

Transfers

Part I: Bound copies: TRANSFERRED TO ARCHIVES LIBARRY The Guild Memo, 1943-1959, 3 Vols. Detroit Reporter, 1955-1956, 1 Vol. Guild Reporter, 1934-1960, 19 Vols.
Part II: Photograph negatives, video cassette tapes and audio cassette tape (Box 79) have been transferred to the Archives Audiovisual Department.

Processing History

Part I: Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Part II: Finding aid written by Jennifer Meekhof on February 13, 2012.
Title
Guide to the Newspaper Guild Local 22: Detroit Records
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA