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Anna Melissa Graves Papers

Identifier: LP000708
This collection consists exclusively of material relating to Victor Raul Haya de La Torre, a Peruvian political leader of the 1930s. He was born in Trujillo, Peru on February 22, 1898; it is not known if he is still living. A founder of the APRA Party, American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, de La Torre was its unsuccessful presidential candidate in Peru in 1931. In July, 1932, he was imprisoned without trial in Lima as a political prisoner. He was released in August, 1933.

The bulk of the papers in this collection deal with de La Torre's imprisonment and efforts led by Miss Graves for his freedom. Letters about his education and international travels are included.

Miss Graves' correspondence with many South Americans provides valuable insight into the political, economic, and cultural conditions of that continent from 1920-1940. These letters are typed translations. The originals were deposited in the Peace Collection, Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.

English and Spanish newspapers, clippings, and leaflets add further documentation of the political events in Peru during this period.

Important subjects covered in this collection: De La Torre's education at Oxford Peruvian presidential election of 1931 De La Torre's imprisonment and release Latin American political and social conditions (1920-1940)

Series Description: Series I: Correspondence from Victor Haya de La Torre covering the period 1923 to 1948, predominantly 1926 to 1930.

Series II: Correspondence relating to petitions to Peruvian legations and ambassadors in Washington, D.C., Paris, France, and London, England covering the period May, 1932 to August, 1933. Includes copies of petitions and signers.

Series III: Correspondence and miscellaneous documents about de La Torre during the period 1923 to 1938. Includes undated leaflets and clippings.

Series IV: Typed copies, frequently translations, of correspondence to Miss Graves from Latin Americans. These boxes contain material from approximately 1921 to 1948.

Series V: Newspaper clippings, many unidentified and undated, from the Spanish and English press of several countries. They report the political activities, imprisonment, and release of de La Torre in the 1920s and 1930s.

Series VI: Three books and one pamphlet, all written in Spanish, about de La Torre's political career.

Series VII: Oversize materials, primarily Spanish newspapers from the 1930s.


  • 1921 - 1948
  • Majority of material found within 1924 - 1934


Language of Materials

Material primarily in English, some in Spanish.


Collection is open for research.


Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.


6 Linear Feet (11 MB, 1 OS)


An associate of Peruvian political leader, Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, Anna Melissa Graves led efforts to liberate de la Torre during his imprisonment by the Peruvian government. Ms. Graves’ papers document de La Torre’s imprisonment and describe the political and social conditions of South America from the 1920’s to the 1940’s.


Miss Graves was an American citizen who taught English in China, Russia, Latin America, and Africa during the 1920s and 1930s. It is believed that she was born in 1880; she died in 1964 at the age of 84.


Arranged in 12 series – Series 1 (Box 1), Series 2 (Box 2), Series 3 (Box 3), Series 4 (Boxes 4-9), Series 5 (Box 10), Series 6 (Box 11), and Series 7 (Box 12). Folders are arranged chronologically.


The papers of Anna Mellisa Graves were placed in the Archives of Labor History and Urban Affairs on March 14, 1975, by Sophie Graves, her cousin.

Related Materials

Anna Melissa Graves Photographs

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in June 1976.
Guide to the Anna Melissa Graves Papers
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

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