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SEIU Executive Office: George Hardy Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR001542_Hardy
The “SEIU Executive Office Files: George Hardy Collection” contains material on local unions, joint councils and other SEIU affiliates; executive officers; representatives and organizers; the International staff; and the unsuccessful efforts to merge Local 1199 and SEIU in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The collection also contains material covering various subjects central to the operation of SEIU including, the union’s increased efforts to organize public employees and healthcare workers, which was facilitated by legislation that Hardy’s administration fought to enact.

Researchers should note that many of the records covering David Sullivan’s last year as International President are located in this collection. Likewise, a small portion of the material covering Hardy’s last year as International President in 1980 will be located in the John Sweeney Collection when it is processed and made available to researchers.

Important Correspondents: Asher, Lester Blake, Martell Burton, Phillip Cancellere, Richard Coleman, John Cordtz, Richard W. Davis, Leon Donahue, Thomas R. Fairchild, George Geagan, John Gohier, Aime Hardy, George Hare, Arthur T. Heaps, Alvin Hearn, Albert Hinchey, Gerald Kassalow, Sylvia Kirkland, Lane McMahon, June Meany, George Moats, Eugene P. Murphy, Richard Muscat, Robert Ottley, Peter Sindel, Samuel Sommer, Gerald (Gerry) Sorbie, John Stern, Andrew L. Sullivan, David Sweeney, John J. Terry, Ralph E. Trump, Rosemary Turner, Doris Twomey, Timothy Weinlein, Anthony G. Welsh, Robert Wisniewski, Stanley Wurf, Jerry Important Subjects: AFL-CIO AFSCME Auditors’ reports Civil rights Civil service Collective bargaining – County employees Collective Bargaining – Government employees Collective Bargaining – Health facilities – United States Collective Bargaining – Hospitals – United States Collective Bargaining – Municipal employees – United States Collective Bargaining – Nursing – United States Collective Bargaining – Physicians Collective Bargaining – Police Collective Bargaining – Service industries Collective Bargaining – State government employees – United States Collective labor agreements Collective labor agreements – Government employees – United States Collective labor agreements – Hospitals – United States Collective labor agreements – Municipal employees Collective labor agreements – Nurses Collective labor agreements – Service industries Discrimination Discrimination, racial Discrimination, sexual Discrimination in employment Financial statements Grievances arbitration Industrial relations Janitors Labor laws and legislation Labor unions – law and legislation Labor unions – organizing Nursing homes Open and closed shop Open and closed shop – Law and legislation – United States Pensions Public service employment Race tracks Service Employees International Union Service industries Social workers Strike votes Strikes and lockouts Trade-union meetings Trade-unions – consolidations Trade-unions – jurisdictional disputes Trade-unions – Service industries workers Unfair labor practices United States. National Labor Relations Board Veterans’ hospitals Welfare funds (Trade-union)

Series Description: Series I, Local Union Files, 1934-1980: Correspondence and other material regarding local unions retained by the Executive Office.

Series II, Affiliated Bodies (excluding locals), 1955-1979: Clippings, correspondence, convention proceedings and reports regarding affiliated bodies.

Series III, Chicago-Area Jurisdictional Disputes, 1970-1981: Agreements, correspondence, telegrams, special notices, articles, personnel policies, meeting minutes, maps, petitions, constitutions and bylaws etc. that support opposing positions and clarify issues. Reports outlining investigations of disputes are also included.

Series IV, International Officers, 1963-1980, Boxes 65-70: Mostly comprised of activity reports, although it also contains correspondence, clippings, legal documents, meeting minutes and other documents.

Series V, International Organizers, Representatives and Research/Negotiation Specialists, 1959-1979: Comprised chiefly of activity reports of the individuals fulfilling the above positions.

Series VI, International Staff, 1967-1979: Correspondence, reports of key members of the International’s staff.

Series VII, Events, 1964-1979, Boxes 80-86 and 98-99: Proceedings, agenda, minutes, notes, speeches, material distributed at events, and a range of correspondence leading up to and/or following the event in question.

Series VIII, Merger Negotiations Between the Service Employees International Union and the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union/District 1199, 1973-1986: Correspondence, reports, financial statements, clippings, contracts, constitutions, memoranda and speeches regarding an effort to merge these two unions.

Subseries A: Joint Healthcare Leadership Conference, Washington D.C., June 4-6: Clippings, memoranda, reports, speeches, and other items concerning the conference held jointly by SEIU and 1199 during June of 1981 to facilitate the proposed merger between these two unions.

Subseries B: Merger Negotiations, 1974-1983: Correspondence, reports, financial statements, clippings, and other items that pertain to the ongoing merger negotiations involving SEIU, RWDSU, and District 1199 that took place between the years 1979 and 1982.

Subseries C: Research Files and Background, 1973-1986: Correspondence, reports, news clippings, contracts, constitutions, and other items that were collected by SEIU as part of an effort to be informed during and after the original merger talks.

Series IX, General Subject Files, 1960-1984: Material concerning government agencies, labor and other organizations, as well as such subjects as healthcare/ hospitals, pensions, legislation, right-to-work, organizing efforts, per capita taxes, subsidies, administrative matters, and political campaign donations, amongst other subjects.

Dates

  • 1934 - 1989

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

99 Linear Feet (99 SB)

Abstract

George Hardy was president of SEIU from 1971 to 1980. During his tenure, SEIU increased the number of health-care workers in the union, largely facilitated by legislation requiring health-care employers to bargain collectively with their employees under the jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Board. Additionally, public employees continued to gain recognition through state legislation requiring local and state agencies to bargain with their employees. In the context of these and other developments, SEIU organized approximately 200,000 new members under Hardy's leadership. The collection contains material on local unions, joint councils and other SEIU affiliates; executive officers; representatives and organizers; the International staff; and the unsuccessful efforts to merge Local 1199 and SEIU in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

History

George Hardy assumed the presidency of SEIU in 1971 upon the retirement of David Sullivan who had served in that capacity during the 1960s. Hardy was the organization’s seventh International President, maintaining that position until 1980 when he retired, leaving John Sweeney to succeed him.

George Hardy had a long history with the Service Employees International Union in California before becoming its seventh international president in 1971. Both of his parents were involved in the labor movement, even before George was born. His father, Charles “Pop” Hardy, was a long-time Vice President of SEIU before his death in 1948. Already an active member of SEIU and the California labor movement more broadly, George Hardy assumed the position vacated by his father’s passing.

During his tenure as President, SEIU increased the number of healthcare workers in the union, largely facilitated by legislation requiring healthcare employers to bargain collectively with their employees under the jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Board. Additionally, public employees continued to gain recognition through state legislation requiring local and state agencies to bargain with their employees or representatives of their employees. In the context of these and other developments, SEIU organized approximately 200,000 new members under Hardy’s leadership.

Arrangement

Arranged in 9 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-62), Series 2 (Boxees 62-64), Series 3 (Box 65), Series 4 (Boxes 65-70), Series 5 (Boxes 70-76), Series 6 (Boxes 76-80), Series 7 (Boxes 80-86, 98-99), Series 8 (Boxes 86-90), and Series 9 (Boxes 90-98). Folders are arranged numerically by local/joint council number, chronologically, or alphabetically dependent upon the series.

Series 8 further arranged into 3 subseries.

Acquisition

The records of SEIU President George Hardy were placed in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs in 1994 and 1997 by SEIU.

Related Materials

For published information regarding the Hardy administration, consult A Need for Valor: The Roots of the Service Employees International Union, 1902-1992, Building a Dream: The History of a Union for Canadian Service Workers, and ‘So Much to be Done’: George Hardy’s Life in Organized Labor.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Louis Jones in April 2003, and an additionaly 1.25 linear feet were added to Series VII in July 2004.
Title
Guide to the SEIU Executive Office: George Hardy Records
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Louis Jones.
Date
2003-04
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Revision Statements

  • 2004-07: Series VII added.

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
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Detroit MI 48202 USA