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UAW Region 7: Canadian Office Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR000372
Canadian Regional Directors George Burt and Dennis McDermott are prominent in the papers of this collection. Burt was Canadian Director from 1939 until 1968, when Dennis McDermott took that office.

The following list of correspondents includes most persons with at least five letters. Asterisks by the name denote particularly frequent letters: Addes, George; Lambert, Gordon L.; Andras, A.; Lewis, David; Archer, David; MacBride, Ralph; Bannon, Ken; *McDermott, Dennis; Barber, Harvey; McDonald, Charles; Beckham, William J.; McDonald, Donald; Benson, Harry; *MacLean, Thomas; Berniquez, Gerard; Madar, Olga; Bickell, Norman; Mahoney, William; Borovoy, A. Alan; Marchand, Jean; *Burt, George; Marshall, William J.; Cassey, Daniel; Martin, Paul; Coburn, Carrol L.; *Mazey, Emil; *Courtney, Richard F.; Millard, C. H.; DeAngelis, D.E.; Moroz, Frank; Dodge, William; Peacock, Hugh; Douglas, Thomas C.; Reuther, Victor; Edwards, Nelson Jack; *Reuther, Walter P.; Eldon, John; Rooney, Harry; Fairchild, Frank; Schlossberg, Steven I.; Forcey, Eugene; *Schroeder, Allen; Ford, Harry; Schultz, Arthur G.; Fryer, John L.; Sheehan, Dilis; Goldberg, Ted; *Siren, Paul; Green, Stanley V.; Smith, Malcolm; Hartford, Jerry; Specht, George; HiHer, Joseph L.; Taylor, Jack; *Jodoin, Claude; Todgham, Ron W.; Johnston, Alfred A.; Vassart, Maurice; Kelly, Herbert; White, Robert; Kenny, Joseph B.; *Woodcock, Leonard

Important subjects covered in the collection include: Agreements and Master Agreements Aircraft Industry Arbitration Auto Pact (U.S.-Canada) Automation Automobile Industry in Canada Batelle Report on the Canadian Auto Industry Canadian-American Committee Canadian Congress of Labour Canadian Labour Congress Canadian UAW Council Collective Bargaining Economics of Canada Farm Equipment Industry Health Services and Program Labour Law in Canada Manpower Analyses New Democratic Party Ontario Federation of Labour Pensions Plant Location and Re-Location Political Action Rand Formula (Agency Shop) Royal Commission on the Automotive Industry Skilled Trades Strikes in Canada Supplemental Unemployment Benefits Trades and Labour Congress Transitional Assistance Benefits UAW Locals in Canada Unemp1oyment Union Negotiations Union Security Wage Parity Wage Rates Windsor, Ontario Women Workers Education

The following abbreviations for Canadian provinces other than Ontario have been used: Alberta: AB Manitoba: MB Quebec: PQ Saskatchewan: SK
Series Description: Series 1: General Files, 1937-1970 Correspondence, memoranda, research materials, clippings and other materials on subjects of interest to the Canadian UAW.

Series 2: Officers' Files, 1939-1970 Subseries A: Officers' Files Subseries B: Correspondence of International Representatives Correspondence and other papers of union officials, including U.S. International UAW officers, the UAW- Canada directors and officers, and international representatives.

Series 3: Councils, 1949-1970 Subseries A: Canadian UAW Council Subseries B: Other Councils Includes various industry-wide councils, skilled trades, office workers, and retired workers councils. Materials in this series are comprised of reports, including directors' reports to councils, minutes, correspondence, research materials and memoranda.

Series 4: Union Locals, 1942-1970 Subseries A: All Locals Letters sent to each local, including international union letters and letters from officers including the Canadian directors. Subseries B: Individual Locals Correspondence, audits, agreements, negotiation papers, and other materials, in the files of Canadian locals.

Series 5: Companies, 1937-1970 Subseries A: Companies Subseries B: Companies, Supplementary Unemployment Benefits Comprised solely of materials on supplementary unemployment benefits, although a few of the papers in Subseries A do include that subject. Subseries C: Wage Rates Comprised of four large notebooks on 1966 wage rates, a part of the studies concerning U.S.-Canadian parity on wages. Materials in the three subseries include reports, correspondence, research materials about the companies, and papers generated from union negotiations, including in some cases final agreements and master agreements.

Series 6: Industries, Information and Clipping Files A Research Department file mostly from the 1960s, including materials on the agricultural, aircraft, automobile, transportation and other industries, and on some subjects of general interest. Box 189 is a file of articles and reports, as listed.

Series 7: Labour Organizations, 1937-1970 Subseries A: Canadian Labour Congress Subseries B: Ontario Federation of Labor Correspondence, reports, minutes, memoranda and research materials relating to two important Canadian labour organizations and various union and political figures.

Dates

  • 1937 - 1970

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials.

Extent

100.5 Linear Feet (201 MB)

Abstract

United Auto Workers Canadian Region 7 began the same year as the international union and was recognized by all major automotive manufacturers in the early 1940s. With a reputation for being militant, the union grew to be the largest in Canada, pioneering pension security, guaranteed annual wages, pre-paid medical prescriptions, and wage parity for workers in the country.

History

The UAW in Canada had its beginning during the same 1936 convention that was the start of the international union. The Kelsey Wheel Unit of Local 195 (Windsor) and the McKinnon Unit of Local 199 (St. Catharines) received their charters within three days of each other in late 1936. After the Ford of Canada plant was organized in 1941, General Motors and Chrysler recognized the union and many other companies followed suit.

Without the protection of the Wagner Act available to U.S. workers, Canadian unionists faced difficult problems organizing in the 1940s, which perhaps contributed to their reputation of being particularly militant. The union grew to be the largest national or international union in Canada.

The principle of union security was attained in 1945 after a strike by UAW Local 200, Windsor, at the Ford Motor Company of Canada. After this strike a Canadian judicial decision provided that all Canadian workers in the union's jurisdiction were subject to dues check-off. This was the well-known Canadian "Rand Formula".

The Canadian Regional Director is elected by Canadian delegates, and the Canadian UAW Council meets to recommend policy on Canadian matters, providing some autonomy for Canadian workers of the international union. Canadian Economic Conferences are held to examine particular problems for Canada. All of th is is reflected in this regional collection.

The UAW has been known as "Canada's Trail-Blazing Union" because it was a pioneer in securing pensions (1950), a guaranteed annual wage (1955-56), pre-paid medical prescriptions (1964-1965) and wage parity (1967-1968).

The Canadian Regional office was established in Windsor, with sub-regional offices in Brantford, Chatham, Fort William, London, Oakville, Oshawa, Ottawa, St. Catharines, and Woodstock, all in Ontario, where there are the largest numbers in the union, as well as in Montreal and Winnipeg. In 1968 the main Canadian Regional office was moved to Toronto.

Arrangement

Arranged in 7 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-48); Series 2, Subseries A (Boxes 49-60), Subseries B (Boxes 60-67); Series 3, Subseries A (Boxes 68-73), Subseries B (Boxes 73-78); Series 4, Subseries A (Boxes 79-81), Subseries B (Boxes 81-106); Series 5, Subseries A (Boxes 107-170), Subseries B (Boxes 171-183), Subseries C (Boxes 184-185); Series 6 (Boxes 186-189) and Series 7, Subseries A (Boxes 190-200), Subseries B (Boxes 200-201. Folders are arranged alphabetically.

Acquisition

The UAW-Canada records and papers were received from the Canadian Regional Office of the UAW during the years 1969-1972. Various library materials were donated in 1980 and 1981.

Related Materials

Further information about the Canadian Region can be found in the Toronto Sub-Regional Office Records, in the George Burt Papers, the UAW Oral Histories, the UAW International Executive Board Oral Histories and in the papers of various union locals which are deposited in this Archives.

Transfers

Three large boxes of pamphlets published by UAW-Canada, the Canadian Labour Congress and the Ontario Federation of Labour (most, however, by UAW-Canada) were placed in the Archives library. International UAW pamphlets not relating specifically to Canada were also added to the library collection.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library in October 1985.
Title
Guide to the UAW Region 7: Canadian Office Records
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Date
1985-10
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

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