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Philip Vera Cruz Papers

 Collection
Identifier: LP001423
The papers of Philip Vera Cruz focus on his active years as a California labor leader. It includes his correspondence, writings and notes, as well as his activity in the UFW and other organizations and his work in boycotts. Cruz’s research, negotiations, and collective bargaining work are also included as well as a number of ALRB cases and resources he collected for farm workers and Filipinos.

Important Subjects: Agbayani Village Agricultural Labor Relations Board (ALRB) Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) Boycotts California Migrant Ministry Chavez, Cesar Farm Workers Farm Workers Credit Union Filipinos International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) Itliong, Larry Migrant Workers National Farm Worker Labor Union National Farm Workers of America National Farm Worker Ministry Pesticides Strikes Unions United Farm Workers (UFW)

Series Description: Series I: Correspondence and Writings

Series II: Activities and Affiliations

Series III: Subject Files Includes: publications, legal information and ALRB cases, research and resources.

Dates

  • 1966 - 1979
  • Majority of material found within 1969 - 1975

Language of Materials

Material mainly in English, some Spanish content.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

Extent

8 Linear Feet (8 SB)

Abstract

Philip Vera Cruz (Dec 25, 1904 – June 12, 1994) was born in Saoag, Ilocos Sur, Philippines. He worked on farms in the Philippines before traveling to the United States in 1926. Vera Cruz worked several odd jobs around the Midwest, but was not active in any union before moving to California in 1943 and becoming a farm worker. He joined the Agricultural Worker Organizing Committee (AWOC) and soon became a leader in farm workers rights. In 1965 he was an active force in the AWOC decision to strike against grape growers in Delano, CA. The strike and boycott soon won the support of Cesar Chavez and the National Farm Workers of America, and led to the eventual merging of the two groups to form the United Farm Workers. Vera Cruz was elected a vice president of the union, a position he held until he left the union in protest of Chavez in 1977, though he continued to be active in his retirement. Cruz also formed the Farm Workers Credit Union and created Agbayani Village, a retirement community for older farm workers. Throughout his career Vera Cruz worked for migrant and farm worker rights, and was very active in the Asian American, especially Filipino, rights movement and community. In 1987 he received the Ninoy M Aquino Award in the Philippines, and in 1992 he was honored by the AFL-CIO’s Asian Pacific American Labor Committee.

The papers of Philip Vera Cruz focus on his active years as a California labor leader. It includes his correspondence, writings and notes, as well as his activity in the UFW and other organizations and his work in boycotts. Cruz’s research, negotiations, and collective bargaining work are also included as well as a number of ALRB cases and resources he collected for farm workers and Filipinos.

History

Philip Vera Cruz (Dec 25, 1904 – June 12, 1994) was born in Saoag, Ilocos Sur, Philippines. He worked on farms in the Philippines before traveling to the United States in 1926. Vera Cruz worked several odd jobs around the Midwest, but was not active in any union before moving to California in 1943 and becoming a farm worker. He joined the Agricultural Worker Organizing Committee (AWOC) and soon became a leader in farm workers rights. In 1965 he was an active force in the AWOC decision to strike against grape growers in Delano, CA. The strike and boycott soon won the support of Cesar Chavez and the National Farm Workers of America, and led to the eventual merging of the two groups to form the United Farm Workers. Vera Cruz was elected a vice president of the union, a position he held until he left the union in protest of Chavez in 1977, though he continued to be active in his retirement. Cruz also formed the Farm Workers Credit Union and created Agbayani Village, a retirement community for older farm workers. Throughout his career Vera Cruz worked for migrant and farm worker rights, and was very active in the Asian American, especially Filipino, rights movement and community. In 1987 he received the Ninoy M Aquino Award in the Philippines, and in 1992 he was honored by the AFL-CIO’s Asian Pacific American Labor Committee.

Arrangement

Arranged in 3 series - Series 1 (Boxes 1-2), Series 2 (Boxes 2-5), and Series 3 (Boxes 6-8). Folders in each series are simply listed by their location within each box. They are not arranged, so any given subject may be dispersed throughout several boxes within each series.

Acquisition

The papers of Philip Vera Cruz were placed at the Reuther Library in January 1990.

Transfers

Three bumper stickers and a photograph were transferred to the Reuther’s Audiovisual Department.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Kathy Makas on July 15, 2010.
Title
Guide to the Philip Vera Cruz Papers
Status
completed
Author
Processed by Kathy Makas.
Date
2010-07-15
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA