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Miners For Democracy Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR000589

Scope and Content

Part 1

Series 1: Depositions, transcripts, exhibits, briefs, memoranda, interrogatories, orders, correspondence and research materials relating to the "Election Suit."

Subseries 1: These are pre-trial depositions of UMWA officials and others taken by the Department of Labor in 1971. The MFD was not yet allowed to intervene and thus played no part in taking the depositions.

Sub-series 2: These are the transcripts of the trial arranged chronologically. Following the court's order, a few matters remained to be cleared up. These post-decision transcripts follow the trial transcripts. There is also a card file index to individuals' testimony.

Subseries 3: This is a very incomplete set of the exhibits presented in the case.

Subseries 4: This subseries contains the briefs, memoranda, interrogatories, motions, orders, etc. filed by the parties to the suit.

Subseries 5: The MFD was finally allowed to intervene in the "Election Suit" by the Supreme Court. This subseries contains the briefs and correspondence of their attempts to intervene with the District Court, the Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court.

Subseries 6: These are post-decision briefs, motions, orders, and correspondence.

Subseries 7: This subseries contains correspondence, lists, indexes, research materials, and data used by the MFD in their trial preparation.

Series 2: May 1969-March 1970 Correspondence, campaign literature, research, press releases and observer reports from the 1969 election.

Series 3: 1961-1971 Briefs, motions, correspondence and reference materials concerning the "Pre-election Cases."

Series 4: 1969-1972 Campaign files, Department of Labor materials, nomination and election schedules, correspondence, financial reports, vote tallies and observer reports from the 1972 re-run election.

Series 5: 1969-1972 Senate Sub-committee on Labor hearing transcripts and other materials re: the investigation of the UMWA, UMWA pension funds and miner health and safety.

Series 6: 1969-1972 Correspondence and reports dealing with black lung and mining accidents and Bureau of Mines Health and Safety Inspection Reports.

Series 7: Legal documents, correspondence and reference materials relating to other legal proceedings of concern to the MFD, including autonomy, pensions and safety.

Subseries 1: Known as the "501 Suit" or the "Bogus Locals Suit," this suit charges Boyle and other UMWA officials with fraud, corruption, and misuse of union funds and also charges that local unions with less than 10 working members must be disbanded. Also, a part of this case was the MFD charge that Edward Carey, the UMWA General Counsel, should be disqualified because he was attempting to serve both the union and the individual indicted officers. The subseries contains chronologically filed legal documents and correspondence for 1970-72.

Subseries 2: These are a group of legal actions brought against UMWA District 5 and/or its officers. The "Convention Suit" is an attempt to overturn District 5's 1970 Convention because of bogus locals and to prevent absentee balloting. Next are three "Reprisal Cases." These arose out of disciplinary actions taken against MFD members because of their activities during the 1970 election in District 5. Next is a suit to audit District 5's financial records - the "Title II Suit." Following these suits are a couple between District 5 and the Department of Labor. At the end of the subseries is some general reference material on District 5. The legal documents, correspondence, notes, and reference material are chronologically filed within each case.

Subseries 3: Many districts of the UMWA have lost their independence to the International - their presidents are appointed and their funds dispersed by Washington. The suits in this subseries are attempts to achieve autonomy for the districts. The legal documents are arranged chronologically within each case and cover 1964-72.

Subseries 4: These cases are all related to miners' efforts to obtain or increase their pensions. In some cases the UMWA is sued, in others, the coal companies. The legal documents are arranged chronologically and cover 1969-72.

Subseries 5: These cases arose when miners, mostly around Pittsburgh, staged walkouts because of inadequate safety procedures in the mines. The legal documents are arranged chronologically within each case and cover 1970-73.

Subseries 6: The MFD defines itself as a reform group within the UMWA. However, the UMWA attempted to discipline members of the MFD for starting a dual union. So arose the "Dual Unionism Case," 1971-72. During the nomination and campaign period of 1972, Boyle announced that the password to enter union meetings was "Loyal to Boyle." The "Password Case" was initiated. These legal documents are filed chronologically.

Subseries 7: These are miscellaneous cases covering 1966-72, filed by case and then chronologically.

Series 8: 1941-1972 Correspondence, news clippings, press releases, speeches, financial reports and reference materials making up the MFD's office, reference and miscellaneous files.
Part 2 Series 9: May-December 1969 Correspondence, news clippings, press releases, speeches, court suits, leaflets, election results and wire service reports on Boyle's campaign, Yablonski's 1969 campaign and murder.

Series 10: December 1969-1972 Correspondence, campaign literature, research files, press releases and news clippings for the UMWA, MFD and the Miner's Voice pertaining to W.A. Boyle's UMWA, the 1970 UMWA district elections and various legal actions relating to the "Miner's Revolt" from 1969 to the 1972 election.

Series 11: 1972 Correspondence, campaign literature, research files, press releases, news clippings, poll and election results, financial documents pertaining to the 1972 UMWA campaign and election between W.A. "Tony" Boyle and Arnold Miller of the MFD.

Series 12: 1969-1972 Address lists, local officer lists, mailing lists and nomination lists pertaining to contributors to the MFD and the Black Lung Association.

Series 13: 1970-1974 Correspondence, mailing, membership and nomination lists, operating agreements and MFD campaign information pertaining to the UMWA districts from 1970-1974.

Series 14: 1964-1974 Articles, reports, correspondence, news clippings, press statements, notes, leaflets and flyers making up the MFD's research files from 1970-74.

Series 15: 1952-1972 Newspaper clippings pertaining to the MFD campaigns and election from 1969-1972.

Dates

  • 1941 - 1974
  • Majority of material found within 1969 - 1972

Creator

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

History

The Miners for Democracy was organized in April of 1970, four months after Joseph "Jock" Yablonski's murder and four months after his unsuccessful campaign against W.A. "Tony" Boyle for the presidency of the United Mine Workers of America. The MFD's express purpose vas to reform the UMWA from within. The Lawyers representing the MFD were members of a public interest law firm known as the Washington Research Project, Miners Project. They were Joseph "Chip" Yablonski (Jock's son), Clarice Feldman, Dan Edelman and, as outside counsel, Joseph L. Rauh, Jr. (Mr. Rauh served as Jock Yablonski's advisor and chief counsel during the 1969 election campaign). During the 1969 campaign, Yablonski, through Rauh, entered numerous complaints of unfair practices against the UMWA with Secretary of Labor George Shultz. But it was not until after Yablonski's murder that the Department of Labor filed suit against the UMWA, in March 1970, to overturn the election because of violations of the Landrum-Griffin Act (the Labor-Management R eporting and D isclosure Act of 1959). Although the MFD was not allowed to intervene in the case until January 1972 (by a Supreme Court Decision), they aided the Department of Labor in its investigation and preparation for the trial and worked on their own arguments for voiding the election. In June 1972, the 1969 election was overturned and a new election ordered. The MFD ran a slate of candidates against the Boyle slate and won: Arnold Miller, president; Mike Trbovich (Jock Yablonski's campaign manager and first National Chairman of the MFD) vice-president; Harry Patrick, secretary-treasurer. The MFD also worked for reform of the UMWA's pension funds, coal miners health and safety, and autonomy for UMYM districts. The Papers of the MFD reflect the organization's concerns over issues central to the coal mining industry and their attempts to make changes through court actions and elections.

Extent

55 Linear Feet (110 MB, 1 OS)

Language

English

Abstract

The MDC was a reform group within the United Mine Workers whose activities led to the ouster of former president Tony Boyle. Their records reflect the organization's concerns over issues central to the coal-mining industry and their attempts to make changes through court actions and elections.

Arrangement

Part 1 Arranged in 8 series – Series 1 (Boxes 1-22), Series 2 (Boxes 23-25), Series 3 (Boxes 26-28), Series 4 (Boxes 29-40), Series 5 (Boxes 41-43), Series 6 (Boxes 44-51), Series 7 (Boxes 52-62), and Series 8 (Boxes 63-79). Folders are arranged in original order unless otherwise specified below.

Series 1 is further arranged into 7 subseries, with subseries 1 arranged alphabetically and subseries 3 arranged chronologically.

Series 7 is further arranged into 7 subseries files chronologically.
Part 2 Arranged in 7 series continued from part 1 - Series 9 (Boxes 80-81), Series 10 (Boxes 81-85), Series 11 (Boxes 85-95), Series 12 (Boxes 95-98), Series 13 (Boxes 99-100), Series 14 (Boxes 100-108), Series 15 (Boxes 108-110), and Library Materials (Box 111, except for materials transfered to the Archives' Library). Folders are arranged alphabetically with the exception of series 15 where folders are arranged chronologically.

Acquisition

The Papers of the Miners for Democracy were placed in the Archives of Labor History and Urban Affairs in February of 1973 by the Miners for Democracy through Clarice Feldman and were opened for research in December of 1973. Additional papers were added to the collection in 1989.

Transfers

The following materials were transferred to the Archives Library: UMWA Convention Proceedings, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1964, 1968 UMWA Journal. 1954-1972 (incomplete) Miner's Voice. 1969-1971

The following materials were transferred to the archives' Audiovisual Department: aerial photos of Buffalo Creek, West Virginia 3 photos of Tony Boyle 5 photos of UMWA 1964 Convention (used as intervener exhibits in the "Election Suit")

Index of Correspondence

  • Akerman, Jeremy, 92: 8
  • Allegany Project, the, 99:3
  • ACLU, 23: 1
  • Anatal, Lou, 92: 14
  • Appalachian Oral History Project, 95: 10
  • Armstrong, Bethany, 95: 2
  • Avery, George T. 85: 9
  • Bank, Rick, 99: 17, 100: 4, 100: 6
  • Beecher, E. White, 92: 14
  • Benson, H.W., 65: 8, 92: 14
  • Bernstein, Meyer, 29: I, 88: 11
  • Biggs, Arthur, 9: 9, 99: 16
  • Black, Michael Quincy, 92: 13
  • Black Lung Assoc, 44: 1-7
  • Boyle, R.J., 92: 20
  • Boyle, W.A. "Tony," 1: 5, 80: 10, 81: 16, 85: 6, 85: 8, 95: 15, 99: 16, 100: 8
  • Brennan, Joseph P., 99: 16, 100: 1
  • Brown, Elmer, 23: 10
  • Buchanan, Kelly, 63: 5
  • Carey, Ed., 20: 2, 80: 11, 85: 3
  • Carlton," Carl, 95: 10
  • Caudill, Harry M., 83: 20, 83: 26
  • Chavez, Cesar, 63: 6
  • Cogan, Tim, 91: 12
  • Committee to Save Black Mesa, 95: 10, 99: 16
  • Dagobert, Lindlau, 64 34
  • Debaun, Virgil, 91: 15
  • Deck, Arthur C, 91: 12
  • Dorsey, Dr. William A., 99: 17
  • Eagleton, Thomas F., 20: 9, 64: 24
  • Edelman, Daniel B., 99: 17, 100: 8
  • Ellis, Joe, 99: 10
  • Evans, Lewis E., 85: 6
  • Feldman, Clarice, 83: 5, 83: 28, 85: 7, 85: 9, 88: 4, 91: 13, 92: 10, 93: 16, 99: 16, 99: 12, 100: 4, 100: 7
  • Flynn, Joseph F., 95: 3
  • Foltz, Melba M., 95: 15
  • Ford Foundation, 83: 15
  • Franks, Arthur L, 95: 10
  • Gage, Sandy, 91:8, 92: 3, 92: 8, 92: 12
  • Gillcrest, Walter E. 80: 10
  • Goodell, R. James, 83: 20, 92: 25-26
  • Gorman, Patrick E., 84: 11
  • Green Coal Co., 100: 1
  • Griffiths, Gerald, 95: 15
  • Haig, Frank R., 95: 2
  • Hart, George Jr., 26: 19
  • Heath, Larry R., 88: 4
  • Hechler; Ken 64: 27-29, 80: 10, 89: 3, 101:9
  • Herling, John, 64: 30
  • Huge, Harry, 83: 15, 84 18, 88: 11, 92: 13
  • Hutchinson, Ray, 100: 6
  • Jacobsrmeyer, Don, 95:10
  • James, Edgar, 83: 3, 83: 17, 83: 26, 84: 4, 85: 7, 85: 22, 88: 11-13, 90: 1, 91: 6, 91: 14, 91: 18, 92: 12-15, 92: 20, 92: 21, 92: 24, 92: 26, 92: 32, 93: 1-2, 93: 14, 93: 16-17, 95: 2, 99: 1, 99: 3, 99: 6-7, 99: 9, 99: 12-13, 99: 16, 100:8-9
  • Javits, Jacob, 20: 10-11
  • Larkin, Frank P., 95: 2
  • Luther, Wade E., 95: 15
  • Kerr, Lorin E. 85: 7
  • Kuzio, John J., 99: 16
  • Lerner, Sue, 93: 4-9
  • Maske, Connie, 84: 28
  • McCarthy, Justin, 80: 10,81:22
  • Metcalf, Lee, 83: 26
  • Middleton, Mark, 99: 3
  • Miller, Arnold, 83: 19, 88: 8, 88: 9, 88: 12, 88: 16, 91: 9, 91: 11,91: 13-14, 91: 17-18, 92: 1, 92: 3-7, 92: 9, 92: 11, 92: 13, 92: 16, 92: 19-20, 92: 24, 92: 26, 93: 15, 93: 17, 93: 20, 95: 1 1-12, 97: 10, 97: 13, 99: 5-9, 97: 16, 99: 10, 99: 12-16, 100: 1-7
  • Mollohan, Robert H., 83: 27
  • Monborne, Ed., 85: 7, 88: 12, 91: 14, 91: 17, 92: 3-6, 92: 14, 92: 26, 93: 16
  • Mullins; Michael, 95: 10
  • Nader, Ralph, 81:3
  • Norman, R.L., 92: 4
  • Olsen, Barb, 92: 18, 92: 19, 92: 21
  • Owens, John, 88; 4
  • Patterson, Leroy, 97: 13, 100: 1
  • Patrick, Harry L, 66: 25-28 , 83: 19, 84: 26, 88: 9, 88: 12, 88: 16, 92: 1, 92: 4, 92: 19, 92: 28, 93: 13, 97: 10, 97; 13, 99: 3
  • Peabody Coal Co., 99: 16
  • Pell, Claiborne, 20: 9, 66: 2
  • Phelps, E.R., 99: 16
  • Queen, Henry A. 85: 9- 10
  • Rasmussen, Dr. Donald L., 67: 1, 84: 18, 101: 10
  • Rasmussen, Jeanne, 83: 14, 84: 26, 92: 10, 92: 14
  • Rau h, Joseph, 23: 26, 83: 3, 88: 11, 92: 26
  • Reuther, Victor, 88: 11, 88: 16
  • Riesel, victor, Roche, Josephine, 95: 15
  • Rockefeller, John D. IV, 67: 4
  • Ruckelshaus, William, 67: 5
  • Sabo, Pete, 84: 22
  • Sacco, Frank J., 67: 6-9, 91:5, 92: 13, 92: 20-21, 99: 4, 99: 9, 99: 16, 100:9
  • Sanders, William, 92: 10
  • Savitsky, William, 67: 10-21,81: 22, 81: 24, 88; 11
  • Scott, Fred, 83: 13, 84: 2
  • Seeger, Pete, 83: 3
  • Seeger, Toshi, 83: 3
  • Seltzer, R.A., 84: 4, 84: 28, 88: 10, 88: 17, 92: 13, 92: 18-19, 92: 21 Shirley, Tom, 99: 17
  • Shultz, George, 23: 12-16, 28: 21-24
  • Singer, Bill, 91: 17-18
  • Starks, Tom J., 99: 9
  • Stillman , Don, 53: 3, 83: 15-29, 84: 4, 84: 16, 84: 19, 84: 27-28, 85: 2, 88: 13, 88: 16, 89: 2, 91: 14, 92: 4, 92: 10, 92: 13, 92: 25-26, 93: 12, 95: 12,99: 10-11,99: 16
  • Sulka, John 6., 99: 17
  • Summers, Clyde, 19: 8
  • Thompson, Tony, 95: 10
  • Thornsberry, John, 28: 7
  • Tiller, John, Tiller, George J.,Totenberg, Amy, 83: 3, 84: 4, 84: 11, 85: 14, 90: 1, 92: 1, 92: 12-13, 92: 20, 92:26-27, 97: 1l 1
  • Trbovich, Mike, 67: 29-30, 83: 5, 83: 19, 88: 9, 88: 12, 88: 16, 92: 19, 92: 26, 93: 13, 93: 15, 93: 17, 97: 13, 99: 6, 99: 17, 100: 6
  • U.S. Dent, of Justice, 64: 22
  • U.S. Dept. of Labor, 20: 2-14, 30: 16
  • Usery, W.J. Jr., 85: 9
  • Wampler, William C, 100:6
  • Washington Research Project, 99: 12
  • Weakley, Robert T., 85: 6, 85: 9-10
  • John Hay Whitney Foundation, 83: 25
  • Witt, Matt, 91: 18, 92: 1, 92: 10, 92: 12-13, 92: 20, 97: 16
  • Wolf man, Earl F., 92: 22
  • Woodcock, Leonard, 69: 24, 93: 17
  • Yablonski, Joseph "Chip," 80: 11, 83: 3, 83: 5, 83: 26, 99: 12, 99: 16 Yablonski, Joesph "Jock," 80: 10, 81: 6, 83: 27

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Title
Miners For Democracy Records
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by Walter P. Reuther Library.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
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Detroit MI 48202 USA