Skip to main content

UAW Social Security Department: Community Health Association Records

 Collection
Identifier: LR000317_CHA

Scope and Content

The UAW Social Security Department: Community Health Association Collection contains minutes, correspondence and reports pertaining to the founding and development of Detroit’s first health maintenance organization.

Important subjects in the collection: Automobile industry workers--Medical care Detroit (Mich.)--Hospitals Detroit (Mich.)--Medical care Health maintenance organizations--Michigan--Detroit Insurance, Health Metropolitan Hospital--Michigan--Detroit

Important correspondents: Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Dr. Frederick Mott, Melvin Glasser, Walter P. Reuther, Marvin Meltzer, Henry Warren.

Dates

  • 1954 - 1972

Creator

Language of Materials

Material entirely in English.

Access

Collection is open for research.

Use

Refer to the Walter P. Reuther Library Rules for Use of Archival Materials. Restrictions: Researchers may encounter records of a sensitive nature – personnel files, case records and those involving investigations, legal and other private matters. Privacy laws and restrictions imposed by the Library prohibit the use of names and other personal information which might identify an individual, except with written permission from the Director and/or the donor.

History

In 1956, UAW President Walter Reuther enlisted community support for a prepaid group medical practice approach to health care. The purchase of Metropolitan Hospital on Detroit’s west side was the first major step taken to start the plan. The plan was received with great skepticism by many Detroit area physicians, who considered the new approach “socialized medicine,” but the controversy ended in 1959, when the American Medical Association dropped its longstanding ban against prepaid group medical plans. Community Health Association (CHA), Michigan’s first official prepaid health care program based on preventive medicine, opened in December of 1960. In 1972, Blue Cross Blue Shield acquired CHA and renamed it Metro Health Plan; a few years later, Henry Ford Hospital, Metropolitan Hospital and Health Centers and Metro Health Plan, Inc. merged to become Health Alliance Plan, currently Michigan’s largest HMO.

Extent

9 Linear Feet (9 SB)

Abstract

In 1956, UAW President Walter Reuther enlisted community support for a prepaid group medical practice approach to health care. The purchase of Metropolitan Hospital on Detroit’s west side was the first major step taken to start the plan. The plan was received with great skepticism by many Detroit area physicians, who considered the new approach “socialized medicine,” but the controversy ended in 1959, when the American Medical Association dropped its longstanding ban against prepaid group medical plans.

Arrangement

Folders are listed by their location within each box. They are not necessarily arranged, so any given subject may be dispersed throughout the entire collection.

Acquisition

Records of the UAW Social Security Department Community Health Association were deposited to the Walter P. Reuther on October 20, 1972.

Related Materials

Refer to UAW collections.

Transfers

A few photographs have been placed in the Archives Audiovisual Collection.

Processing History

Processed and finding aid written by J. Barr on May 25, 1995.
Title
Guide to the UAW Social Security Department: Community Health Association Records
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by J. Barr.
Date
1995-05-25
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Walter P. Reuther Library Repository

Contact:
5401 Cass Avenue
Detroit MI 48202 USA