National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract Mr. Henry, a native of Mississippi, has been a leader in the struggle for civil rights in that state for many years. He has been president of the Clarksdale NAACP, state president of the Mississippi NAACP, chairman of the Mississippi Voter Registration and Education Project, president of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and also its delegate to the 1964 Democratic National Convention. The collection deals with nearly every phase of the civil rights battle, Democratic politics, and...
Abstract The AFSCME Office of the Secretary-Treasurer oversees the general financial health of the international union, keeping records for its locals, councils, and the headquarters staff. The Office keeps files on council and local trusteeships, maintains per capita dues payments by locals and councils, issues charters to new locals, and suspends and disbands locals or councils when problems arise. William Lucy held this position for 38 years, 1972-2010. Lucy joined AFSCME as a civil...
Item — Box: Individual Oral Histories Box 3: O-Si, Folder: 1
Abstract Carrie Burton Overton served with the NAACP and in Democratic politics. She was also a Juilliard-trained musician and composer. She was interviewed in 1969 by history professor Philip Mason. Collection consists of interview recordings and transcript covering Overton's early life in Laramie, Wyoming, and her political and civil rights work, including her involvement with the NAACP and the "Colored Division" of the National Democratic Committee.
Abstract Mrs. Overton served as a stenographer for the NAACP from 1924-28; executive secretary to Julian Rainey, head of the "Colored Division" of the National Democratic Committee for 1932, 1936 and 1940; and in secretarial positions with Howard University, Vanguard Press, and the Community Church of New York City. Her papers comprise correspondence, leaflets, reports, notes, and clippings, and cover black voters, employment in the federal government for blacks, activities of the NAACP, Democratic...
Abstract Carrie Burton Overton was active in African-American educational, political, and arts organizations through much of the twentieth century. The collection includes a series of studio portraits dating from around the time of her marriage; portraits of family members and some other individuals; scenes at Howard University and the Tuskegee Institute; and several panoramic group pictures at alumni, political, and arts events.
Abstract Charles Flint Kellogg was a respected historian, Professor of American History, and Chair of the Department of History at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He was awarded grant money to study the history of the NAACP. His papers contain manuscripts, research, photographs, and notes used to write his 1967 book, NAACP: A History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Volume I: 1909-1920, which describes the beginnings of the organization, its leaders, and...
Abstract The Detroit Committee for Responsible Banking (DCRB) grew out of awareness that banks in Detroit were under-funding city development while frequently supporting development in suburban areas. The DCRB was formed by James M. Edwards and Patrick J. Murray, both Detroit lawyers, and backed by an advisory board of community members. Initially, they focused their efforts on one bank – Comerica – and later went after Standard Federal, National Bank of Detroit, Manufacturers Bank, First of America,...
Abstract The Detroit Organization of School Administrators and Supervisors was formed in 1966 and received sole collective bargaining rights with the Detroit Board of Education in 1967. The union had between 1,300 and 1,400 members at its creation, and it continues to represent administrators and supervisors in Detroit Public Schools in regards to salaries and working conditions.In the early 1980s, the administrators were working without a contract for a brief time and they conducted a...
Abstract Elvin Lamoine Davenport (1899-1988) was the first African-American judge elected to the Recorder’s Court for the City of Detroit; he served on the bench for over 20 years. Davenport was born in Folly, Virginia, attended local schools, and received his undergraduate degree from Temple University and his law degree from Howard University Law School in 1929. After graduation he worked as a Pullman porter for the Canadian Pacific Railroad, and completed further graduate studies at McGill...
Abstract Attorney Helen Moore Polaner was active in various civil liberties and labor organizations, including Americans for Democratic Action and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Ms. Polaner served as president of the Detroit Federation of Teachers from 1945-1950 and was the first female vice president of the Michigan Federation of Labor. Mardy Polaner served as a labor organizer for the American Federation of Labor (AFL), working with the Seafarers International...
Abstract An active member of the Detroit Branch, NAACP, Dr. McClendon was president of that group from 1938 to 1945. These papers include material on the fight against racial discrimination in Detroit and the armed services, and on fund-raising problems. The collection also has papers relating to Dr. and Mrs. William A. Thompson of Detroit, who were active supporters of the NAACP. Correspondents include Edward J. Jeffries, Jr., Henry L. Stimson, and Arthur H. Vandenberg.
Abstract The Jerome P. Cavanagh Photographs and Other Material consists of numerous photographs, the majority of which were taken during his time in office. These photographs cover events such as the 1968 Olympic Bid, visits from Lyndon B. Johnson, aftermath of the 1967 unrest, and Mayor Cavanagh with various prominent Detroit business people, union members, and politicians. Also included in the collection is memorabilia from his 1966 Senate campaign, 1968 Olympic information, and other various...
Abstract Joe Felmet participated in the first “freedom ride” of the civil rights movement. This 1947 trip, known as the “Journey of Reconciliation,” was meant to test the Supreme Court’s ruling that banned segregation on interstate travel. The sixteen riders were arrested multiple times along the way and Felmet was sentenced to three weeks on a chain gang in North Carolina.Felmet was a lifelong peace activist and an advocate for civil liberties. He was a conscientious objector during World...
Abstract Active in the civil rights movement, Mae Mallory advocated for African-Americans' right to armed self-defense and was closely associated with NAACP member and author of "Negroes with Guns," Robert F. Williams. Ms. Mallory was imprisoned for alleged kidnapping but was later released after the North Carolina Supreme Court determined racial discrimination in the selection of the jury. Ms. Mallory's papers document her imprisonment and reflect her participation in the radical civil rights movement.
Abstract Mary White Ovington began her career as a social worker, devoting her efforts to the problems of African-Americans in New York and other cities. She helped found the National Association for Advancement of Colored People and remained an officer and prominent figure until her retirement in 1947. Her papers reflect her interest and involvement with the living conditions of the poor in New York City and African-Americans in the south in the early 1900s; the foundation and growth of the NAACP; the...
Abstract The Michigan Coalition for Human Rights (MCHR) was formed in Detroit in December 1980 by a group of Detroit-area religious leaders representing a broad range of Judeo- Christian and Muslim denominations. Initially organized with the goal of providing a liberal alternative to conservative Christian organizations such as The Moral Majority, the group’s primary issues included racism, militarism, gay rights, unemployment, poverty, and other socio-economic and local political topics. The...
Abstract The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was established in 1910 to help African-American citizens secure their rights, obtain legal justice and gain equal political, economic and social opportunity. The Detroit Branch was established in 1912 and has worked to improve conditions in housing, employment, education, and police-community relations and in doing so has received community-wide and national recognition. Their records reflect these accomplishments, including...
Item — Box: Individual Oral Histories Box 2: G-M, Folder: 12
Abstract In 2001, Mike Smith interviewed labor and civil rights leader Oliver Montgomery on his lifelong advocacy for racial equality and worker rights, particularly in the steel industry. Collection consists of interview recordings and a transcript. Montgomery discusses his background, career, union activism, civil rights work, personal philosophy, and outlook on the future.
Abstract Dr. Rachel Boone Keith came to Detroit from New York City in 1951 after receiving her medical degree from Boston University and was an internist in private practice from that point forward, practicing medicine at several Detroit area hospitals. Dr. Keith served on a number of professional commissions and committees and was active in civic, cultural, and educational organizations, including her work as a lifetime member of the NAACP. Dr. Keith’s papers document her education, professional...
Abstract Rosa Parks, often referred to as the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement, is most famous for her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white rider in segregated Montgomery, Alabama in December 1955. She was secretary of her local and state NAACP and was a member of Michigan Congressman John Conyers staff after her family moved to Detroit. Her papers reflect mainly her years in Detroit and her association with numerous church, community, and civil rights organizations.
Abstract In 1973, Pat Ford, then a clerical worker at Alameda County Hospital, aided in the creation of Local 616 by affiliating the 4000-member association with SEIU. Ford held various leadership positions in Local 616, including president (the Local’s first African-American woman president), and Executive Director. In addition to Ford’s service to Local 616, in 1996 she was elected as SEIU Executive Vice President, and reelected in 2000. During her tenure with SEIU, Ford helped to found the Caucus of...
Abstract Thomas Stephens was a founder of the Evergreen Alliance, the Michigan Environmental Justice Coalition and chaired the National Lawyer's Guild's Toxics Committee in his fight for environmental justice in the Detroit area. His papers reflect his interest and legal work in this arena and related issues, particularly lawsuits involving incinerators in Detroit and Flint, MI.
Abstract Leonard Woodcock was named President of the UAW in May 1970, following the death of Walter P. Reuther. He was elected to a full term in April, 1972, and again in 1974. In 1970 as UAW President Woodcock led a 67 day strike against General Motors which resulted in securing the “30 and out” retirement program and restoring full cost of living benefits. In the 1973 negotiations Woodcock secured further benefits for auto workers including dental insurance, restrictions on overtime, improved COLA and...
Abstract Wade Hampton McCree, Jr. began his career as a lawyer in the Detroit law firm of Harold E. Bledsoe and Hobart Taylor. He later served on the state’s Workmen’s Compensation Commission and as a judge in the county and U.S. court system. During his tenure on the bench, McCree took part in a number of school desegregation cases iand as the government’s lawyer, he argued a number of significant cases before the Supreme Court. He resigned in 1977 to accept appointment as U.S. Solicitor General in the...